Single Parent Families
Chelsea P. Blackstone- Strother
Lewis Clark State College
The transition from a “nuclear” family normative, to single parent was one of the most dramatic social changes of the 20th century (Furstenburg, 2009). Research has shown that the growing rate of single- parent homes in our nation correlates to the increase in child poverty. The effects on a child who grows up in an economically disadvantaged home are not the only challenges they face, increase in high school dropout, unemployment and teen pregnancy will come into play for these children (Mathers,2010). However, there are many children in single families that go on to succeed, President Barrack Obama came from a single family, yet he will be the first to tell you that single parents face weighty barriers . A social worker coming into the field will need comprehensive knowledge of this adverse population and the challenges that the single parent family undergoes.
Demographics of America’s New Family 4 out of 10 children are born to unwed mothers in the United States, two thirds of the mothers are under the age of thirty (Division of Vital Statistics, 2012). One in four American children lives without a father in the home. Half or more of today’s children will likely spend at least part of their childhood in a single parent home. According to the Census Bureau, out of 12 million single families 80% of them are in mother-child home. The proportion of children being raised by single mothers has increased dramatically from 6% in the 1950’s to 24% in 2010 (prb.org, 2010). This equates to 18.1 million children growing up without a father in the home. In 2013, 46% of single parents were non- Hispanic white and 28 percent were African American (Census.gov). It is common for single parents to suffer from low wages the median income for a single mother family was $25,493, which is 31% of the $81,000 median income for a two-parent family. The poverty rate of a
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