Simple Present Tense

Topics: Time, Future, Grammatical tense Pages: 3 (440 words) Published: July 7, 2012
Make the Present Simple Tense:
subject+auxiliary verb+main verb+object
do base
There are three important exceptions:
For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add “s” to the main verb or “es” to the auxiliary. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

Only for interrogative and negative sentence we use auxiliary verb. Example :

Look at these examples with the main verb like:
subjectauxiliary verb main verb
+I, you, we, they likecoffee.
He, she, it likescoffee.
-I, you, we, theydonotlikecoffee.
He, she, itdoesnotlikecoffee.
?DoI, you, we, they likecoffee?
Doeshe, she, it likecoffee?

Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary: subjectmain verb
+Iam French.
You, we, theyare French.
He, she, itis French.
You, we, theyarenotold.
He, she, itisnotold.
?AmI late?
Areyou, we, they late?
Ishe, she, it late?

Use the Present Simple Tense:
We use the present simple tense when:
the action is general
the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future the action is not only happening now

the statement is always true
John drives a taxi.
It is John's job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.

Look at these examples:
I live in New York.
The Moon goes round the Earth.
John drives a taxi.
He does not drive a bus.
We meet every Thursday.
We do not work at night.
Do you play football?
Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the present simple tense for situations that are not general. We can use the present simple tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb "to be" in the present simple tense - some of them are general, some of them are now:...
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