Similarities of Greece and Rome

Topics: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome / Pages: 9 (2141 words) / Published: Dec 8th, 2008

Greece and Rome


Government, Religion, and Military

Two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world were the civilizations of Greece and Rome. These two civilizations were especially significant from the time periods prior to the Roman Republic. These two civilizations both affected Europe and the Mediterranean regions including the rest of the world around them. Though the two civilizations differed in location, they also had many aspects that were very similar. One of these includes the government, with both showing the beginnings of the representative government. Another aspect between these civilizations was the military with similar strategies, tactics, and organizational similarities. Finally, the last similarity between the two ancient cities of Greece and Rome was the religion. Both civilizations worshipped multiple deities and constructed grandiose shrines and temples in their honor to show their dedication. Though there were differences between the two societies the similarities between the two were far more important. First, the governments between both Rome and Greece were very similar. As opposed to most other prior and contemporary civilizations, Rome showed the beginnings of a representative government. This meant that the citizens, the overall people of the society, had an important role in the government. Polybius was a Greek historian who wanted to advise Greeks and upper class Romans of the usefulness of the Roman constitution. The Roman government consisted of three parts; the consuls, the Senate, and the people. The consuls were in charge of all affairs concerning the public, and also could distribute the public funds. The consuls also controlled organizational aspects of the military such as military tribunes and military service requirements. Next, the Senate controlled the treasury and all aspects regarding the revenue and expenditures. They dealt with foreign affairs such as embassies, and

Cited: Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire : A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. New York: Oxford UP, 2005. 6-17. "Voyage Back in Time: Ancient Greece and Rome." On-campus. 1998. University of Richmond. 10 Oct. 2008 .

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