Similarities Between Egypt And Mesopotamia

Good Essays
Rebecca Jones
Dr. Hoefferle
GPS 120-8
9/13/15

Informal Writing Assignment

In my paper I would like to discuss with you the similarities and the differences between Mesopotamia and Egypt, while they may in fact be different I believe that they are very similar to each other. Maybe because they are so close together in time and very little has had a chance to evolve into something new.
Mesopotamia became the world’s first complex society in 3rd Millennium BCE. The Greek meaning of the word ‘Mesopotamia’ means between two rivers and they have earned that name from being located within the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It can also be known as modern day Iraq, Sira, and Southeast Turkey. Due to Mesopotamia’s agricultural land, water and easy
…show more content…
Egypt grew out along the banks of the Nile River, and many people that migrated there came from either the Eastern and Western deserts of Sinai and Libya, or from the Mediterranean. These people came from complex cities and settled down down along the Nile creating their own unique culture which in turn created a prosperous state. Due to the fact that literacy was well established by this time, Egypt then became a scribal culture. Many Egyptians were trained as scribes to work in the king’s court, the army, or the Priesthood. They used two forms of writing, elaborate hieroglyphs and hieratic writing. Between the two, hieratic writing was more popular and was used for record keeping, writing letters, and works of literature. The moment literacy was learned by the people, both Sumerians and Egyptians began drafting historical records and literary compositions. Most writing was used for commemorative and religious purposes. Now speaking of religion, Egyptian beliefs were not so different from Mesopotamian beliefs. In fact, that were quite similar. In Egypt, every religion had its resident god, and most gods seemed to evolve into single dietes. Just like Mesopotamia most religious practices often occurred in main …show more content…
In this source, dating back to 2375-2345 BCE, hieroglyphs were found in Pharaoh Unas’s pyramid. These hieroglyphs represent some of the earliest religious writings and tell a story of the pharaoh’s passage into the afterlife. “Your natron is on your mouth: you should clean all your bones and end what is (bad) against you.” What is being stated here is that because the pharaoh is on his journey to the afterlife, he needs to rid his sins, and cleanse himself. Get rid of everything bad that he has done or has been done upon him before he completes his journey and arrives in the afterlife.
In conclusion, I have analyzed that while some things may be different between Mesopotamia and Egypt, I believe that the two are more alike than you may see. For example, the religion between the two is exactly the same and they are both located near a river, allowing the rivers to contribute to the growth of their societies. These are just some of the factors I feel help justify my above

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia were very different in some ways and in other ways very much alike. Some of the facts that help contrast these places would include the different varieties in social structure, economics, politics, religion, and even the geography of each area. Even though both of these civilizations were in and around the Middle East each had a very varied view on factors such as which God’s to worship and how to run their kingdom. Egypt and Mesopotamia were the same but very different.…

    • 744 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    When comparing how Mesopotamia developed into a successful civilization with Egypt during the foundations period there are many similarities and differences. they were similar in that the rivers are what help the civilization prosper. This was because a rivers provided resources for survival. They were different in that the way their rulers maintained order because of different political systems. They were also similar in that they both constructed monumental architecture. This was because it shows the wealth and power of the civilization.…

    • 423 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In order to completely understand the relationship between two events, comparing and contrasting is necessary. Through comparing similarities and differences it is easier to analyze why things developed and occurred the way they did. For example, in comparing Egypt and Mesopotamia it will be easier to achieve understanding of major aspects of their culture, the way other cultures impacted them, and their influence on the future. In addition to the similarities between the two cultures, the differences are what make them unique. Although Egypt and Mesopotamia both left stable heritage in their respective regions, due to geographic location their influences on politics, economy, and social relations differ.…

    • 961 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Through history there have been many different civilizations, a civilization develops, political, social, economical agriculture and religious aspects. Mesopotamia and Egypt are two different civilizations but still share some characteristics, because all humans have needs to solve, but each civilization adapts their own way of living.…

    • 706 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Ancient Civilization thrived in the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Each had its own distinct views on the social, political, and religious aspects; however, there were many similarities as well. Through this essay, I will illustrate the differences, as well as the similarities of the fascinating early civilizations of Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt.…

    • 266 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    There are many similarities that characterize the two governments of Egypt and Mesopotamia. For example, both civilizations had manuscripts and inscriptions. These were written down to make sure that civilians would understand, follow, and obey their laws. These law writers were called Scribes. Their job would be writing things down. Sometimes, there were the only people in the land who were literate. This way, when people were caught disobeying a law, they could not escape the consequences. Also, both Egypt and Mesopotamia had to pay taxes. There were citizens in charge of collecting them. Moreover, the two had kings that were thought to be descendents from the gods. Both surmised that the kings were related gods in the skies. As to that…

    • 455 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Although Egypt and Mesopotamia were both early agricultural societies built upon the water provided by the major rivers which sustained them, they exhibited important differences as a consequence of the different physical environments in which they developed. In this paper I will first focus on what I consider to be the major aspects of these differences in environment and then explore the consequences of these differences in their religious beliefs, political organization and commercial practices.…

    • 701 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In comparing both they had important similarities corresponding to their society, some of their features were from early civilizations. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia foreground power structure, with a noble, landowning group on the near top and a…

    • 471 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Compare and COntarst

    • 1518 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Egypt and Mesopotamia both had their similarities of political and social structures in their societies. One similarity of the social structure of both civilizations is that at the bottom of their social class were slaves and peasants. Both societies had this in their social class. Another similarity is both civilizations had male dominance, which turned to the agriculture revolution, which degraded women because of decreased…

    • 1518 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mesopotamia and Egypt were societies that developed at roughly the same time period and grew along some mighty rivers. Politically, the Mesopotamian and Egyptian kings were different. Also, socially, they were different in their attitudes towards religion, with Mesopotamians lacking the relationship with gods and goddesses and Egyptian people having a relationship with their gods. However, they were similar with the negative treatment of the women in their society.…

    • 1630 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Known as one of the earliest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt both share set amounts of similarities along with a share of striking distinctions. Environmentally, these two civilizations were formed in similar surroundings, yet their weather patterns show distinctions. Politically, both governments derived from a monarch, yet their laws and punishments distinguished the two’s court systems. Economically, they both shared prosperous success in similar manners. Socially, although the two lands followed a hierarchy, the value of women contrasted. Culturally, they both believed in a higher order of creation; however, their views of them were polar opposites. Intellectually, these two societies developed skilled abilities and creations that changed history forever.…

    • 1198 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mesopotamian society and Ancient Egypt have many similarities and differences when comparing them to each other. For example, they are both located near rivers, as water provided an area to hunt and fish and if the river flooded, the land would become fertile. Each society has their unique way of doing things, but they also have similarities in their ways.…

    • 513 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The ancient river-valley civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt share many similarities in their social, political, economic, intellectual, and cultural aspects, however, at the same time; both are very separate from one another. Mesopotamia developed first as a civilization without influence, while Egypt built off of the latter to create their own society, hence the shared traits of their educational system, government, religion, and social structure. But, the variable of location also takes place; once the basis of the civilizations were built, they branched off and continued to progress according to their own specific needs, which explains why the differences of the two lay in detail to the economy, intellect, government, and religion.…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Egypt developed around the Nile River, while Mesopotamia developed between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Egypt and Mesopotamia grew into complex civilizations. Politically, both Egypt and Mesopotamia had a government with one main ruler, but Egypt had a centralized government with a pharaoh, while Mesopotamia had a decentralized government with a king. Socially, both civilizations were patriarchal, but Egypt was more lenient towards women while Mesopotamia was stricter. The political and social structures of Egypt and Mesopotamia both similarities and differences.…

    • 897 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the ancient world, Egypt and Mesopotamia coexisted between 3000 and 2000 B.C.E. Throughout this essay, I will be comparing and contrasting these two prominent ancient civilizations. Both had many cultural and political differences between them. Although ancient Egypt and ancient Mesopotamia shared similarities in beliefs and agriculture, they differed greatly in afterlife and documentation.…

    • 473 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays