Similarities And Differences Between The Spanish And English Colonies

Good Essays
The Spanish and English colonies in the New World were similar and different in many ways. The Spanish and English wanted to colonize the New World with the same motives: riches, power, and more land. The ways they accomplished these goals differed though.
The Spaniards initial and primary reason for travelling to the New World was for the discovery of gold and for power (Zinn, 2005). In addition to looking for gold and power, the Spaniards came looking for new land to claim (Locke et al, n.d.). The Spaniards came looking to conquer the new land for their profitable gain. Much of this conquering was very brutal and to the Native people’s disadvantages, especially when there wasn’t much gold to be had. “When it became clear that there was no
…show more content…
Some of these similarities include motives for the colonization and how they justified their injustices to gain what they desired. Both the Spanish and English colonies were motivated by gold, land, and religious freedom. In addition to motivations, Spanish and English colonists justified how they got their land by using their religion to make it seem that their actions were warranted. The Spanish colonists used their religion to justify enslaving and selling the Native Americans. “The rest [Native Americans] arrived in Spain and were put up for sale by the archdeacon of the town, who reported that, although the slaves were ‘naked as the day they were born,’ they showed ‘no more embarrassment than animals.’ Columbus later wrote: ‘Let us in the name of the Holy Trinity go on sending all the slaves that can be sold,’” (Zinn, 2005). Likewise, the English colonists believed God was on their side in claiming the New World as theirs. For example, when the plagues hit the Native American tribes and were being wiped out, the colonists saw this as God’s blessing for them to have this land. “The English Separatists, already seeing their lives as part of a divinely inspired morality play, found it easy to infer that God was on their side. John Winthrop, the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, called the plague ‘miraculous.’ In 1634 he wrote to a friend in England: ‘But for the natives in these …show more content…
Among these differences, the way in how each of the country’s settlers took their land and how they treated the Native Americans. The Spanish colonists and explorers, from Columbus to Cortes, they came and took the land by conquering and enslaving the Native Americans to take control of their land. “When the enslaved Indians exhausted the islands’ meager gold reserves, the Spaniards forced them to labor on their huge new estates, the encomiendas… Through persuasion, and maybe because some Aztecs thought Cortes was the god Quetzalcoatl, the Spaniards entered Tenochtitlán peacefully. Cortes then captured the emperor Montezuma and used him to gain control on the Aztecs’ gold and silver reserves and its network or mines…” (Locke et al, n.d.). Instead of full on war (although the English did use that tactic as well (Zinn, 2005)), the English colonies used their faith to take the land. “The Puritans also appealed to the Bible, Psalms 2:8: ‘Ask of me, and I shall give thee, the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.’ And to justify their use of force to take the land, they cited Romans 13:2: ‘Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation,’” (Zinn,

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    surrounding the Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific link on the Western coast of South America. Like the English, the indigenous people of the acted friendly towards the Spanish explorers, then resisted after unjust massacres occurred. This common reaction comes with the part of human nature that accepts others, and rejects them after they have participated in undesirable actions. Similar to the English, the Spanish also colonized the lands of the new world and developed large cities, which served as political…

    • 531 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The exploration that Christopher Columbus conducted in 1492 started the widespread colonization of the New World. Even though the Spanish and New England colonies settled on the same continent, these colonies developed differences and also developed similarities. The New England and Spanish colonies were significantly similar with the treatment of the native peoples while extremely different with views of religion and their economic bases.…

    • 64 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    While sharing a continent, the Spanish and New England colonies had major similarities and a plethora amount of differences. The Spanish and New England colonies shared significant similarities with the treatment of the natives, yet these colonies had extreme differences with the role of religion and the control of European government. The Spanish and New England colonies shared significant similarities with the treatment of the natives because both colonies required the natives to convert…

    • 973 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Spanish and English colonies both moved to North America seeking opportunities. The difference is that the Spaniards sought gold, while the English colonists sought freedom, religiously or otherwise. Therefore, the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English colonies in New England had very different approaches to both politics and economic development. The Spaniards had ventured to the United States region of America from their previous Latin America area. They expected to find the…

    • 476 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There are differences, and similarities in the colonies. 1. One similarity is they have all been made for one purpose, and that’s for a new life in the Americas 2. Another similarity is that they all sell there one type of goods whether that be selling beaver pallets, or tobacco 3. The last similarity is that they all make there one crops to sell in markets Differences 1. One difference is that the geography of the southern states is swampier, and damp. While the other states have hillier, and rockier…

    • 259 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Spanish and English have a similar alphabet, but the phonologies of the two languages have several differences. For this reason, some Spanish learners get in trouble in English pronunciation. For example, as Gorman and Kester (n.d.) stated, Spanish and English share several consonantal phonemes including the stop sounds /p/, /t/, /k/, /b/, /d/, /g/, the nasals /m/, /n/, the fricatives /s/, /f/, the liquid /l/, the glide /w/, /j/, and the glottal /h/. Despite these common phonetic symbols, it is…

    • 1132 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    European powers such as the Spanish and English were able to eventually establish colonies in the New World, although at different times, the Spanish being the first of all of the Europeans. The English and Spanish colonies had numerous contrasting aspects that intertwine with one another, such as the social and economic structure, attitude on mixing, and religious views. Economic and social: The economic system contributed to the social structure of the Spanish and English, and distinct laws were…

    • 713 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Europeans established colonies in North America. The English colonies were originally established because proprietors from England were granted charters to settle and govern lands. Other European colonies were established around trading posts. Over time, the English gained control of the thirteen colonies through force or purchase; eventually, by regions were known as the Southern, Middle and New England colonies. Although the colonies were under the control of the English and had many commonalities…

    • 281 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    author states the differences between the English and Spanish colonial formation. The English and Spanish settlements in the New World had a large influence on the politics, culture, and hierarchy of what is the U.S. and Latin America. In grade school, it’s taught that the English explored one side of present-day the United States, and the Spanish mainly the southwest. While reading the text it is shocking to know that yes, that is true, but before the English arrived the Spanish had already been…

    • 425 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Differences between colonies: Religious: The Pilgrims who settled at Plymouth were "Puritans" vs. Anglicans at Jamestown. Plus, Plymouth was founded for religious reasons while Jamestown was founded for economic reasons. Don't get me wrong--religion was critical for both groups but the Puritans left England because they were religious outcasts while the settlers at Jamestown were there for economic benefit and had investors. Labor: Jamestown was initially settled under martial law and the military…

    • 770 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays