Sikh and Punjabi

Topics: Sikh, Sikhism, Punjabi language Pages: 5 (1575 words) Published: August 29, 2011
Climate of Punjab
The weather conditions at Punjab are affected by the diversified geographical conditions. The hilly terrains have a cool soothing temperature throughout the year. The weather conditions are classified in four types of climate. They are Winter, Summer, Monsoons. Summer: Summer lasts from late March to the end of the month of May. The day temperatures start rising from the middle of February. The weather conditions of around 40 degrees Celsius are normal for many places in Punjab. The temperatures are high in the interior areas. Monsoon: The monsoons are a very important season for this state. It normally arrives in June and lasts till September. The heavy rainfall during this season is vital for cultivation in the fertile land of Punjab. Tourists usually abstain to visit the state during this season. Autumn: The period from middle of September to middle of November is also a ideal time for visiting the state. The Diwali festival is normally held during this season across the country. The Tika festival is also held during this time. Language used in Punjab

Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ in Gurmukhi script and پنجابی in Shahmukhi script), which can be specified as Eastern Punjabi to distinguish it from Western Punjabi spoken in Pakistan, is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by inhabitants of the historicalPunjab region (north western India and in Pakistan). For Sikhs, the Punjabi language stands as the official language in which all ceremonies take place. Even though Punjabi is the most spoken language in Pakistan, it has no official status. Punjabi language has many different dialects, spoken in the different sub-regions of greater Punjab. Since the Partition of British India in 1947, the Punjabi spoken in the two countries has deviated from each other, with Pakistanis retaining strong on Persian and Arabic vocabulary through Urdu, and Indians relying more heavily on Sanskrit vocabulary through Hindi. TheMajhi dialect is Punjabi's prestige dialect. This dialect is considered as textbook Punjabi and is spoken in the historical region of Majha, [6] centralizing in Lahore and Amritsar. Along with Lahnda and Western Pahari languages, Punjabi is unusual among modern Indo-European languages because it is a tonal language. Different Art forms in Punjab

Gatka (ਗਤਕਾ) is a weapon-based Indian Marshal art created by the Sikhs of the Punjab. The Punjabi word gatka refers to the wooden stick used in sparring matches. The term might have originated as a diminutive of the Sanskrit  word gadha or mace. A more popular theory is that it derives from the Punjabi words gat and ka. Gat means grace, liberation, and respect in one's own power, while ka means someone who belongs or is part of a group. Gatka would therefore translate as "one whose freedom belongs to grace". Gatka is an ancient martial art which has been thoroughly battle-tested and has existed in northern india for many thousands of years. It is considered to be a spiritual as well as a physical exercise. Both these aspects of the person are developed to a high level during the learning phase in this ancient art. Although it uses the sword as its primary weapon, many other weapons are available to the Gatka master. Today, this art exists exclusively amongst the Sikhs who have passed down the flamboyant techniques through generations, since their sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind wore the two swords of Miri  (temporal, worldly) and Piri (spiritual, transcendental).  The Sikhs have been responsible for the revival of this early art ensuring it's survival despite mass persecution of the native population in India by foreign invaders like the Mughals and others for many hundreds of years.  Gatka is a complete martial system which uses spiritual, mental and physical skills in equal portions to help one fully competent in defending themselves and others. FOLK DANCE


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