Significant artefacts found in kings Tuts tomb
The wealth of artefacts found in the tomb of Tutankhamun, has increased our knowledge of the ancient Egyptian society, culture, religion and what roles the Pharaohs played in the society. The Tomb of Tutankhamun was described by Howard Carter as being in a state of ‘organised chaos’. It contained around 700 items, some for decoration, some because they belonged to the king, some to tell stories of the king and some for protection and guidance into the afterlife. One of the first artefacts that Carter noticed when he entered the antechamber were, 3 gilded couches. The sides of the couches were carved into monstrous animals, attenuated in form. The strange beasts resembled, a lion, a cow and a Typhon, part hippo, part crocodile. These couches were used for ceremonial reasons. These objects tell us a lot about the nature of the Egyptian society, they were very well made, which signifies that the craftsmanship was excellent. The fact that they look such like beasts and monsters shows that they might have been for protection of to resemble a god. They also show the great respect they had for animals by the way they have been portrayed as powerful and strong. Because they were used for ceremonial purposes, they might have been used for important people to sit on, including Pharaohs. This shows that the Pharaohs were well respected because the nature of the couches is exquisite and would only be made for the best and that they were very powerful because they could be seen to of been sitting upon such strong beastly creatures. The beasts carved onto the couches might resemble a god they believed in, which gives us an insight to the culture and religion. It shows that a lot of their gods were animals of had some animal form. But because they look so monstrous it also shows that their gods might have been the same. These creatures seem very unreal, so they might have existed in real in the afterlife. They might of believed such beastly creatures lived in the afterlife but were not harmful and therefore carving them into couches means that after death the could help guide you into the afterlife. Another object found in the antechamber was a painted casket. In was about 2 feet long and the lid curved in a gentle arch. The paining on the lid depicted Tutankhamun’s enemies, hundreds of them. They were fleeing in panic before the king in his Chariot of war. The Pharaoh was far larger than his enemies and he stood upright and strong as he launched arrows at his foes, as opposed the fearful bodies of his enemies which very twisted and hunched over in defeat. The contents of the casket included, rush and papyrus sandals and a linen robe decorated with thousands of beads. The painting on the casket tells us that they weren’t scared of fighting and they were well equipped for war and that they were a powerful society and its contents tells us a lot about how they dressed and that obviously it was quite hot because of the nature and material of the robe and sandals. In the painting on the casket, the Pharaoh has been portrayed as much bigger and powerful that everyone else. This tells us a lot about how much power the Pharaohs really did have and it also tells us that they fought too. In many societies the leader or kings would sit back and have their men fight for them but his painting clearly shows that the Egyptian Pharaohs would fight alongside there men and where very powerful and strong when doing so. By looking at the picture there isn’t a lot that it tells us about their religion or the belief of the afterlife, other than on the kings chariot there are 2 vulture looking birds that might of been believed to have given the chariot strength or to lift the chariot up high then the enemies.
One of the most magnificent objects found in the tomb was Tutankhamun’s Golden Throne. It had the figures of Tutankhamun and his Queen, Ankesenamun, depicted on the back, in lapis lazuli and...
Bibliography: Websites visited:
Ancient History preliminary course booklet. Written by Pamela Bradley, Edited by Kim Drummond. – Tutankhamun part 1.
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