Sigmund Freud: Father of Psychoanalysis
Presented to Instructor Merriam C. Weaver
As a Requirement in
Course HD #4406E
Theories of Personality & Motivation
Father of Psychoanalysis
INTRODUCTION Psychology’s most famous figure is also one of the most influential and controversial thinkers of the twentieth century (Cherry). Sigmund Freud’s work and theories helped shape our views of childhood, personality, memory, sexuality, and therapy (Cherry). His early years are fascinating and his work intrigues the mind of one who desires the field of psychology. He ended His life on a sad note but left a great deal of knowledge.
EARLY YEARS Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia, in what was then known as the Austrian Empire but is now part of the Czech Republic (Strachey, 124). Sigmund was the first child of his twice-widowed father’s third marriage. His mother was 19 and his father, 39, when they married. Sigmund’s two stepbrothers from his father’s first marriage were approximately the same age as his mother, and his older stepbrother’s son, Sigmund’s nephew, was his earliest playmate. Thus, the boy grew up in an unusual family structure. Because the Freuds were Jewish, Sigmund’s early experience was that of an outsider in an overwhelmingly Catholic community. When the Jews of Austria were liberated, the Freuds moved to Vienna. Little is known about his childhood as he was a very private person and destroyed his personal papers. However, it is known that he was an outstanding student and that he attended the University of Vienna.
BEGINNING OF PSYCHOANALYSIS Freud received his doctor of medicine
Bibliography: Carver, Charles S. and Michael F. Scheier. “Perspectives on Personality.” Pearson, 2012. pp. 6. Cherry, Kendra. "Sigmund Freud - Life, Work and Theories." About.com. http://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/p/sigmund_freud.htm. McLeod, Saul. “Id, Ego, and Superego.” http://www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html. Strachey, J. and Freud, Anna. "The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud," 24 vols. London: 1953-1964. pp. 124