Should A Fetus Be Considered A Human Being?
There are many questions surrounding abortion, but the most prevalent question focuses on when the fetus is considered a person, and when does it acquire the rights that us grown human beings hold? In The Metaphysics of a Person: Why I Am Pro-Choice By Lode Cossaer, he asserts his opinion on this subject. Cossaer argues that a fetus cannot be considered a human being with the same rights we posses until the fetus can either: feel and sense pain, or can live outside of the mothers womb. Cossaer believes that something with the characteristics of a week old fetus, something with only the potential to become a person, should not be considered a human being with rights. “Just because I destroy something that has the possibility of becoming X, is not the same as destroying X. To infer from the possibility of becoming X, that one already is X, is a fallacy” (1) ( Lode Cossaer, The Metaphysics of a Person: Why I Am Pro-Choice) This excerpt from Cossaer’s Pro-Choice article defends his opinion on a fetus only merely holding the status of a potential person, and not a full fledged human being. Cossaers argument can be summarized as follows: 1. Something that is only a potential person, should not be treated as a person 2. A fetus is only a potential person
3. Something that is only a potential person should not possess the same rights as you and I 4. Therefore, a fetus should not be considered a person
For the conclusion to follow, all the premises have to be proven true. The conclusion, a fetus should not be considered a person, is backed up by the three main premises above stated by the author. In order to believe that the conclusion is true, you need to assume that everyone agrees with premise 1 because it is the author’s opinion. Premise 1 can be concluded differently based on morals, and everyone, and every culture has different morals. If you do not think that a potential person should not be treated as a person,...
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