1.Should American encourage immigration?
Immigration policy affects all aspects of society. Regardless of status, immigrants have always played a central role in the life and growth of a nation.An Immigrant is a person who has citizenship in one country but who enters a different country to set up a permanent residence. Just entering another country does not make you an immigrant. In order to be an immigrant you must have citizenship in one country, and you must have gone to a different country with the specific intention of living there. Immigration to the US is highly competitive and, depending on an individual’s situation, can be a lengthy and complicated process. Immigration procedures and requirements are broadly divided into three categories: those attempting to immigrate on the basis of a family relationship, those attempting to immigrate for employment, and those entering the US for the purposes of study. Lawful immigration greatly benefits both America and the lawful immigrants, while unlawful immigration presents challenges to America’s ability to protect its borders and preserve its sovereignty. Immigration has always been a formidable engine of economic and demographic growth for the United States.Many immigrants are natural entrepreneurs, establishing companies, creating jobs, and driving innovation. Well-educated and highly-trained foreign workers are inventive and productive. Expanded work forces increase business flexibility, allowing companies to quickly respond to changing demands. Larger labor forces also encourage specialization. Labor productivity rises as companies adjust to larger work forces and invest in employees.Immigration may depress wages for the least skilled workers. However, these are the last jobs that government should seek to protect. Moreover, the work force, like the economy, is not a fixed pie. Immigration makes a more innovative, flexible, and productive economy, leading to new and better jobs. The benefits rise over time, with an expanding economic pie. Immigration enables entrepreneurs to come to America.Restricting immigrant entrepreneurs in the United States is self-defeating. Companies will lose out to global competitors who recruit top talent regardless of country of origin. Innovative individuals will move their operations abroad to cultivate next ideas. The U.S. Treasury will lose billions of dollars in tax revenues as innovators domicile their businesses overseas. Immigration also offers a mix of cultural benefits.Allowing these immigrants of vastly different culture and ethnic heritage into the United States to culture diversity and abundance, acquiring cultural good and eliminate the bad. Conclusion: Congress Should Encourage Lawful Immigration and Prevent Unlawful Immigration. For more than two centuries, America has encouraged and benefited from lawful immigration. Congress should continue to search for appropriate ways to encourage lawful immigration, reducing the burdens of the immigration process on both the government and lawful immigrants, and making it easier for both America and the lawful immigrants to enjoy the economic and cultural benefits that result from lawful immigration. In contrast, unlawful immigration challenges America’s ability to protect its borders and preserve its sovereignty. Congress should search for appropriate ways to encourage lawful immigration and prevent unlawful immigration.
2. Should American University continue to carry out affirmative action? Affirmative action policies are those in which an institution or organization actively engages in efforts to improve opportunities for historically excluded groups in American society. Affirmative action policies often focus on employment and education. In institutions of higher education, affirmative action refers to admission policies that provide equal access to education for those groups that have been historically excluded or underrepresented, such as women and minorities....
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