Spanish Painter, Bartolome Estaban Murillo
Bartolome Esteban Murillo. Self-Portrait. c. 1672-75.
Oil on canvas, National Gallery in London UK.
Spanish Painter, Bartolome Estaban Murillo
Bartolome Estaban Murillo was born December 31 1967, he was born into Christianity he was baptized on January 1, 1618 in Seville Spain. Murillo was the son of Maria Peres, his mother and Gasper Esteban his father who was a barber and surgeon in Seville Spain, Murillo had 13 siblings and he was the youngest one of them all. Murillo was eventually adopted by his relatives because he was not able to provide for himself when his parents died unlike his older siblings, at the age of eleven his uncle J.A. Lagares a barber who was married had adopted him.
Within a year of living with his uncle, Murillo soon became an apprentice for another relative named Juan Del Castillo. Juan was considered a mediocre painter but a great teacher, they painted paintings for a living and sold them at local fairs and sometimes even sent off to be traded into America. While being under the study of Juan his relative he learned about Flemish Painting, which was a technique used in the 20th century on paintings, they applied layers of a substance that kept the image fresh for years. When Murillo turned 17 he was working indepedentaley painting small, religious compositions for the Latin American market, continuing the selling techniques taught to him when he was young. He then started to create a name for himself, selling his paintings at these markets or fairs.
Murillo went to the school of Antwerp where he learned how to be more of an advance painter; they mainly learned Baroque paintings that he continued to carry on threw out his art career. During the time he was an apprentice for his relative and attending school, he found interest in other forms of art and artist that inspired him to be more creative and diverse in his paintings. In 1940 Murillo moved to Cadiz, he then became Van Dykes pupil, learning and studying Van Dykes work he gained an interest in studying other masters of art. Murillo set out to travel to study other great masters of art, he found himself involved with the kings painter Velasquez, during his stay there of three years he studied the masterpieces of Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto, and Rubens. In 1645 Murillo moved back to Seville, this is where the beginning of his career really started.
During the year 1645 he got married to Beatriz de Cabrera y Sotomayor, during this year he also accomplished 11 great masterpieces for the Fransiscan monastery in Seville. Because of his 11 paintings he became well known and recognized for his religious paintings, most paintings would be of, Jesus, Virgin Marry, birth of Christ, Angels, the healing pool, and a few paintings of his family and paintings of the poor in Seville. When he had painted these paintings for the Fransiscan, it generated more work for him at cathedrals, churches, hospital, and for private Individuals.
In 1660 Murillo founded an Art Academy called Academia de Bellas Artes, he eventually became President of the academy. By 1665 Murillo had enrolled into the Brotherhood Of Charity, by this time Murillo had nine children and only five of them continued in his religious paths. During this time he was enrolled into the Brotherhood, he really flourished and became active in his pieces of art, he had received several demanded jobs and requests, one of them was the infamous painting of the Santa Maria la Blanca which was completed in 1665 and many other commissioned works as well.
By this time in his life he had worked nearly 50 years to become one of the most famous Spanish Braque Painters in the 20th century, it was unfortunate for many when he passed away on April 3 1682. Little did Murillo know that on April 3 1682 while he was working in the Capuchin church of Cadiz, that he was going to fall off of a scaffold which lead to sever and permanent injuries that would put...
Bibliography: "Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias." Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. 2000. Web. 20 June 2012. .
Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 24 Jun 2012
Gillet, Louis. "Bartolomé Esteban Murillo." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 24 Jun 2012 .
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