Shipbuilding Industry of Bangladesh

Topics: Shipbuilding, Shipyard, Ship Pages: 6 (1795 words) Published: April 27, 2014
We are constantly striving to provide a good food service. This survey is part of the process. Please help us to do this by completing this questionnaire. Ship Building Industry of Bangladesh The history of indigenous shipbuilding in Bangladesh goes back a long way. It is one of the early industries developed in Bengal based on its old business of building boats and sea vessels. Bangladesh has a strong background in building ships since ancient times. Many countries of Asia and Europe regularly bought ships built in Chittagong.

Bangladesh has a strong background in building ships since ancient times. It is quite natural in that Bangladesh has more than 200 rivers with a total length of about 22,155km plus a long coast line on the Bay of Bengal. It is little known today that Bangladesh was the center of building ocean-going vessels in Asia between the 15th and 17th century.

In the early 19th century, the shipyards of Chittagong built many commercial ships of up to 1,000 tons and also British navy vessels that participated in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Due to this historic prosperous background and also a natural geographical advantage, there are presently more than 200 shipbuilding and ship-repair yards in Bangladesh. Prospect of Shipbuilding Industry in Bangladesh:

The history of indigenous shipbuilding in Bangladesh goes back a long way. It began with wooden-bodied passenger vessels having two decks and gradually improved to steel-body construction of multi-deck passenger carriers in the eighties as the passenger transportation in reverine route peaked.

Cargo vessels under inland shipping ordinance began during the same period with sizes from 200 DWT to 500 DWT. Such construction did not require any organized dockyard or shipyard. These vessels were built on bare land on the riverside, scattered around the country especially where electricity was available on the river banks and construction of inland vessels flourished.

With the ship-breaking industry flourishing in Chittagong, availability of steel plates boosted the inland ship-building in the early nineties and various shipyards started to emerge in this sector. As of Tuesday, April 1, 2008, about two thousand locally-built cargo vessels of varying sizes -- from 500 DWT to 2000 DWT -- are now operating and one thousand vessels having 1000 passenger capacity each are transporting passengers on our inland riverine routes.

In the East Pakistan, selection of site for Khulna Shipyard was made in 1954. A German firm was responsible for the establishment of the shipyard. It took three years to build the shipyard. Work started in the shipyard in the month of November, 1957. A British consultancy firm was made responsible for running the shipyard. Since 1967, the shipyard was being run by the local engineers and staff. Engineering equipment, pumps for irrigation, cargo vessels for fertilizer and seed, oil tankers and rail crossing barges were built in this shipyard. Many organizations got their work done in this shipyard. Garbage trucks and foot-over bridges are being built by this shipyard. Six thousand and fifty new ships were built in this shipyard. In the mid 80's, the slipway carriage of the shipyard was broken in an accident. Then it became a losing concern. A decision was taken to transfer this yard to the Ministry of Defense. The Bangladesh Navy took over the management of the shipyard in October, 1999. Then it became vibrant again. However, while the inland ship building was at its nascent stage, Bangladesh got its first exposure of international ship building in 1979. Japanese ship building giant, Mitsui Engineering and Ship Building Industry developed the first and the largest joint venture shipyard with High Speed Ship Building and Engineering Co. Ltd. at Fatullah. This joint venture enabled the first private sector ship repair building yard with modern facilities, slipways, workshops with Japanese management and local manpower and a proper...
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