Sherman Alexie

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, The Lone Ranger, Sherman Alexie Pages: 13 (2611 words) Published: June 5, 2011

A Cultural Disassociation
InThe Lone Ranger and Tonto Fist/ight in Heaven, by Sherman Alexie, the three short stories, "A Drug Called Tradition," "This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix,

Arizona," and "The Trial of Thomas Builds-the-Fire," depict the Native American experience with their own cultural past through Thomas Builds-the-Fire. In "A Drug Called Tradition," Victor, Junior and Thomas volunteer themselves to the effects


magic mushrooms and go on a trip to Benjamin Lake. In "This Is What It Means to Say

Phoenix Arizonao" Victor is refused sufficient funds from the tribal council to collect and cremate his dead father. Thomas offers to give him money in exchange for partnership on his journey, and Victor and Thomas travel together to Arizona to retrieve Victor's father.

In "The Trial of Thomas Builds-the-Fire," Thomas is put on trial for his crimes against story telling and must defend himself against his own people.

Alexie uses his character Thomas Builds-a-Fire in the three stories as a symbol for the cultural history and savior of Native Americans. Alexie also uses the rejection and persecution of Thomas Builds-a-Fire to convey how Native Americans are fighting against themselves and perpetuating an intentional loss of culture.

Throughout the stories in which Thomas is mentioned, he is consistently perceived as an outsider or one who is not commonly accepted by society. In numerous instances in Alexie's book, Thomas is described as one whom others are reluctant to hear speak, because he is constantly telling stories about the Native American past that nobody

wants to understand or accept. Thomas represents the Spokane traditions and cultural past that they are losing. People continually reject Thomas because he and his stories are

symbolic of the persistent Native American cultural past that struggles to stay alive

within its people.
In "A Drug Called Traditiono" Victor and his friend invite Thomas to join them on an outing but stop him from "tell[ing] another one of his goddamn stories," (14). Victor represents the Native Americans' ambivalence with their culture and uneasiness with

their own past, The reluctance to listen to Thomas's stories conveys how painfi.rl it is to see or hear about a culture that one is no longer connected

with. These Native Americans

do not want to be reminded about a culture from which they are trying to escape; therefore people intentionally disregard whatever Thomas ever has to say. This neglect stories that symbolize their history conveys the Native American's intentional loss




In her essay .'Tribal Visions," author Kelly Blewster describes Alexie's writing in The Lone Ranger and Tonto FistJight in Heaven as very

vivid in depicting the life of his

people. "He paints the joyful and the desperate moments of his characters' lives on the reservation. . .. [the] crueler affronts of life on an American Indian reservation. . . when they're doing stupid or self-destructive things."

Before their venture, Victor bargains with Thomas to not tell any stories until they are under the influence of drugs


which Alexie writes to convey how the Native

American past may be so difficult for Native Americans to accept, that they must be under the influence of drugs to do so. This relates to the alcohol dependency portrayed in

this book, and how numerous characters express how their only means to get through

their problems is to drink. Like many other characters, Victor and Junior cannot handle the pain and frustration of their cultural past, as symbolized through Thomas's stories; therefore they must intoxicate themselves to relieve themselves from the animosity


their past. Ambruster writes in his essay, "Teaching smoke signals: fatherhood, forgiveness, and 'freedom"' that Alexie freely incorporated alcohol in his stories for a reason. "Alcohol made his pain temporarily...

Cited: Heaven. Alexie, Sherman. New York: Grove Press, 2005. 12-23.
Armbruster-Sandoval, Ralph. "Teaching smoke signals: fatherhood, forgiveness, and
'freedom '." Wicazo Sa Review 23.I (2008):123+
Blewster, Kelley. "TRIBAL VISIONS." Biblio 4.3 (1999):22. General OneFile. Web. 8
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Sherman Alexie Essay
  • Essay on Sherman Alexie
  • Essay about Sherman Alexie
  • Sherman Alexie and Fredrick Douglass 50 Essays
  • Sherman Alexie Essay
  • Review of Works by Sherman Alexie Essay
  • Sherman Alexie: Superman and Me Essay
  • The text is about Sherman Alexie novel: The Lone ranger and Tonto fist fight in heaven. It is a character analysis on how the Indian's in...

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free