There are many potential effects of discrimination just a few of these are low self-confidence, low self-esteem, health problems, self-harm, lack of self-belief, insecurity and anxiety. An example of this could be if someone is repetitively calling you names about your weight you may develop eating disorders because you think by stopping yourself eating it will stop the discrimination, it will also lower self-confidence and self-belief in yourself. There are various pieces of legislation which have been put in place to promote equality and reduce discrimination. These include:
• The Disability Discrimination Act 2005
• The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001
• The Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000
• Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006
• Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989)
• The Human Rights Act 1998
• The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (as amended)
• Employment Equality Regulations 2003
The aim the legislation is to promote equality of opportunity for all. This is regardless of age, sex, sexuality, disability, race, religion or any other difference. By using the principle that inclusion is a right for all children, early years settings can make sure that every child has an equal chance to learn and develop, has their individual needs known and met and feels confident with themselves.
By using inclusive practice within childcare settings it promotes equality and diversity because it makes children aware that not everyone’s the same and that everyone has differences. An example would be that You could plan lesson plans for different cultures so that children are aware of different cultures and not just their own.