Shampooing And Conditioning

Topics: Water, Shampoo, Bicarbonate Pages: 22 (475 words) Published: January 16, 2015
NVQ Hairdressing
Level 2
H9 Shampoo &
Condition Hair &
Scalp

The word Shampoo
Is derived from the Hindustani
word meaning ‘Champo’. This
means to press or rub

Reasons for
Shampooing
to cleanse the hair and scalp

prepare for salon services
to treat hair and scalp
disorders
to remove chemical products

Properties Of A Good
Shampoo
to cleanse the hair and scalp

Product should distribute
easily
easily rinsed from the hair
leave hair manageable/shiny
will not irritate skin/eyes

Types Of Shampoo

Medicated

Mild Dandruff

Anti-dandruff

Dandruff

Lemon

Greasy

Almond/coconut oil

Dry hair and scalp

Beer

Flyaway

Protein

Damaged hair

Herbal

All purpose/dry

pH balanced

Chemically treated

TLS-Pre perm

Before perming

Dry powder

Use when unable to wash

Brightening

To lighten natural hair

Colour

Enhance natural colour

Coal Tar

Psoriasis

Soapless
Shampoo
does not contain soap
manufactured by sulphonation
=vegetable oil + sulphuric acid
TLS = Triethanolamine Lauryl
Sulphate
SLS = Sodium Lauryl Sulphate
Contain no additives
Used before perming

Shampooing for Services
before a perm
before a semi-permanent
colour

To
remove barriers
open cuticle

Types of Water
temporary hard
permanent hard

Temporary
Hard
Caused by
calcium/magnesiu
m carbonates
Softened by boiling
or chemical water
softeners

Permanent Hard
Caused by
calcium/magnesiu
m sulphates
Softened only by
using water
softener

Shampoos
most shampoos are soapless
they contain detergents
detergents act with water to
clean

Detergents
do not form scum in hard water
lather in all water
rinse easily
good cleansing agents

How Detergents
Work
lower the water’s surface
tension

Shampoo molecules have a water
loving head hydrophilic

They have a grease loving
tail -hydrophobic

How does shampoo and
water cleanse the hair?
Shampoo has a water loving head
(Hydrophillic) and grease loving tail
Hydrophobic)
Hydrophobic end

Removing Dirt &
Grease
emulsify dirt and
grease
into tiny droplets
mixed with water
shampoo
containing
detergent
collects dirt and
grease in droplets
the dirt and
grease are rinsed
away

The ph scale
See handout

WATER TEMPERATURE ?
HOT WATER –cleans better but can
burn the scalp also can make the
hair greasy.
COLD WATER- does not clean as
well and is uncomfortable for the
client

Reasons For
Conditioning
- Physical damage



severe brushing/combing
excessive heat, tongs, crimpers etc.

- Chemical damage



over processing of perms/relaxers
over processing of colour/bleach

Types of
Conditioners
Specialist conditioners
Scalp treatments (Tonics)
Surface – coat the hair – basic detangler
Oil – applied to dry hair/processed with heatshampooed to remove Anti oxy- restores the natural pH
Restructurants- protein rebuilders
Leave in conditioners

Afro-Caribbean
Conditioners
Crème Rinse
Instant
conditioners

Detangles/shines
Detangle

Deep penetrating
Reconstructrant
Moisturiser
Leave in-blow
lotion

Detangle, moisturise/repair
Proteins strengthen
Adds moisture/rehydrates
Detangles, shines anti static

Pre-chemical
Post-chemical

Protects, shines and repairs
pH balance, eliminates
residue

Massage
Movements
efflurage

slow
Stroking

petrissage

slow deep
kneading

rotary
friction

quicker
circular
rubbing
firm rubbing

Control
Of
Substances
Hazardous to Health

The
End

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