The author and the period:
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English poet and playwright. His extant works consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, two epitaphs on a man named John Combe, one epitaph on Elias James, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into most of the language and are still performed in the theatre nowadays.
Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway and they had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain 's Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613 at age 49, where he died three years later.
Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, but then he wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth. In his last years, he wrote romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. His plays remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed, and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.
The Elizabethan era was one of the most important periods in English history and it takes place in the Queen Elizabeth I 's reign (1558–1603). In the Elizabethan period the social order was: the monarch as the highest, the nobility as second rank, the gentry as third, merchants as fourth, yeomanry as fifth and laborers as sixth. The queen, (Elizabeth I, the sixth and last ruler of Tudor) was believed to be God’s representation on Earth. It was a time of many changes and developments and was also considered as the Golden Age in English history.
A sonnet is a fourteen-line lyric
Bibliography: https://sites.google.com/site/swanierenglish/technology/sonnet-144 http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/shakesonnets/summary.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakespeare 's_sonnets