Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
To improve the health of American people, the Department of Health and Human Services developed health promotion programs which known as Healthy People. This promotion programs designed for every ten year based on the detailed study and observation. The current health promotion program is Healthy People 2020 (CDC, 2011). The Healthy People 2020 address all the health issues those need more concern to improve the health of American people. The Department of Health and Human Services provide information about each of these health issues and give suggestions how to overcome different issues. Sexually transmitted disease (STD) is one of the serious issues addressed in Healthy People 2020. The STDs is remaining as a serious health problem among entire world. The purpose of this paper is to explain the seriousness of STDs and discuss the prevention methods to overcome this dangerous disease. What is STDs?
Sexually transmitted diseases are the infections occur through sexual relationship. STDs cause many harmful, often irreversible, and costly clinical complications, such as reproductive health problems, fetal and perinatal health problems, cancer and facilitation of the sexual transmission of HIV infection (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). There are more than twenty different types of STDs found in different areas of the world. Among industrialized nations, America has a high rate of STDs. Around 19 million STDs report in the America every year and half of these patients between the ages 15 and 24 (Holland-Hall, 2008). There are many reasons like unprotected sex, sex with multiple partners, and substance abuse cause sexually transmitted diseases. The infection can be spread through semen, blood and sexual activities (Holland-Hall, 2008).
History of STDs
Syphilis is the first reported sexually transmitted diseases. In 1495 outbreak of syphilis reported from the Italian port of Naples. Later this STDs spread all over Europe and into Asia. This epidemic of syphilis causes a rash, sores, and later systemic damage (Eric, 2010). People called this disease as "great pox" because it has some similarities with smallpox. There was no treatment for syphilis at that period. Gonorrhea is another sexually related infection which has known since ancient times. In the ancient times mercury, arsenic and sulphur has used to treat STDs. Lack of proper treatment for these dangerous diseases killed millions of people. Until the 1990s, STDs has known as venereal disease (Eric, 2010). 1n 1910, arsphenamine was invented for the treatment for syphilis. The invention of penicillin and antibiotics in the 20th century helped to improve the treatment for STDs. One of the most dangerous STDs known as Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) found in 1960's. Even in this modern times, medical science could not found a treatment for AIDS and this disease is remaining as a serious health problem in the entire world (Ananya, 2010). Statistics
Based on the statistics of World Health Organization, around 340 million curable STDs occur in the entire world every year. Most of these cases are in the age between 15 and 45. The CDC's report shows that, in America around 19 million STDs report every year and half of these patients between the ages 15 and 24 (Holland-Hall, 2008). In U.S, 1,412,791 cases of Chlamydia reported in 2011 which is an 8% increase from 2010. 321,849 cases of Gonorrhea reported in 2011 which is a 4% increase from 2010 (CDC, 2013). The state of Texas has a higher number of STDs compared to the rest of American States. There are 1231 Syphilis occur in Texas during the year of 2010, and it is a 25% decrease from 2009. There are 118, 577 Chlamydia cases occur in Texas during the year of 2010, and it is a 17% increase from 2009 (CDC, 2013). Prevention of STDs
Data show that most cases of STDs are curable. Conducting various health promotion...
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