Sexual orientation of homosexual parents and their children

Topics: Sexual orientation, Homosexuality, Bisexuality Pages: 7 (2092 words) Published: February 16, 2014


The sexual orientation of homosexual parents and their influences on the child’s sexual orientation

Abstract

This research is to determine if the sexual orientation of homosexual parents has an influence on the child’s sexual orientation. When homosexual parenting is viewed within a positive aspect, research suggests that the development of a child’s sexual orientation is unrelated to the parent’s sexual orientation. When homosexual parenting is viewed negatively, research suggests that heterosexual parenting is the best parenting within the development of the child. To explore current arguments, three research studies: Bailey & Bobrow (1995), Golombok & Tasker (1996), and (Gottman, 1990) all suggest that the sexual orientation of homosexual parents doesn’t have an influence on the child. Also, two studies: Bozett (1988), Goldberg (2007) suggested that the sexual orientation of the homosexual parents did have an influence on the sexual orientation of their children. Research suggests that children growing up within a homosexual household has an advantage of children being more tolerant of people who are different. Research suggests there are disadvantages of children in homosexual household and children would be more suitable by a mom and dad, and same sex marriage will confuse gender identity within the child. Also problems with the research suggest that the studies are flawed and bias. Within these three studies: Bailey & Bobrow (1995), Golombok & Tasker (1996), and (Gottman, 1990) a majority of subjects identified as heterosexual. Within these two studies: Bozett (1988), Goldberg (2007) sixteen percent of their subjects identified as non-heterosexual, a figure eight times higher than the national average.

Introduction

For decades there has been much controversy over homosexual parenting. Homosexual parents and their children are often subject to prejudice because of the homosexual parent’s sexual orientation. Opinions vary among biological and psychological theorists regarding the extent to which it is possible for parents to influence the sexual orientation of their children. From a biological perspective, parents should make little difference. In contrast, psychoanalytic theorists believe that relationships with parents in childhood are central to the development of sexual orientation in adult life (Green, Mandel, Hot Vedt, Gray & Smith, 1986). Research suggests that children growing up within a homosexual household will lead to the influence of the child identifying as homosexual. Children will show disturbances in gender identity and gender role behavior (Biblarz & Stacy, 2001). Research also suggests that the confusion about gender identity among children within a homosexual household fairs no different then children within a heterosexual household. Within respect to gender development, there was no evidence of confusion about gender identity among children, and no difference in sex role behavior between children in lesbian and heterosexual families for either boys or girls (Golombok & Tasker, 1996). Within this research, three studies will show that despite the sexual orientation of homosexual parents, the sexual orientation of the child wouldn’t be influenced due to child raised by homosexual parents. These children fair no different than children of heterosexual parents based sexual preference.

Many of today’s family relationships no longer fit the structure of a traditional mother, and a traditional father. Some families have two parents, while other families only have one. Children need to be sheltered, fed, taken to school, comforted when they make a mistake, and the list goes on. Heterosexual and Homosexual families life cycle’s are similar because children arrive, grow up, go through stages, and parenting flows accordingly. Research suggests that growing up within a homosexual household may have advantages....

References: 1. Bailey, J.M., Bobrow, D., ( 1995). Sexual orientation of adult sons of gay fathers.
Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 124-129.
2. Bozett, F.W. (1988). Social control of identity of children of gay fathers.
Western Journal of Nursing Research, 10(5), 550-565.
3. Goldberg, A. (2007). How does it make a difference? Perspectives of adults with
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual parents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry,
77(4), 550-562.
4. Golombok, S. & Tasker, F. (1996). Do parents influence the sexual orientation of their children? Findings from a longitudinal study of lesbian families. Developmental Psychology, 32, 3-11.
5. Gottman, J. S. (1990). Children of gay and lesbian parents. Homosexuality and family relations( pp. 177-196).
6. Hansen, T. Love Isn’t Enough: 5 Reasons Why Same-Sex Marriage Will Harm Children. Retrived November 10, 2008 from, http:// www.drtraycehansen.com/Pages/writings_samesex.html
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