Sexual Orientation Conversion Therapy: Should it be banned? Sexual orientation conversion therapy, a range of treatments that aims to turn the sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual, is controversial in many countries (Haldeman, 2002). While conversion therapy is banned in some countries due to its ethical concern, its efficacy is debatable. This article argues that homosexual should have the right to choose whether to be treated or not, the ban exploit the right of homosexual and leading them no choice but to hold the sexual orientation. The essay begins with a brief historical overview of the development of conversion therapy, and then moves on to anaylse in detail the arguments of the ban in relation to the following aspects: ethic concerns, effectiveness and the right of homosexual. The essay concludes that homosexual should have to right to choose whether to attend the therapy or not, and therefore the sexual orientation conversion therapy should not be banned. Sexual orientation conversion therapy includes a wide range of approaches, from psychoanalytic approaches to behavioral approaches. Aversive treatment, which is included in behavioral approaches, includes the application of electric shock or drugs. Apart from these cruel methods, sexual orientation conversion therapy also makes use of social skills training and visualization (Haldeman, 2002). After the sexual orientation conversion therapy is introduced, many ethical concerns have been raised. The main ethical concern is whether homosexuality or bisexuality should be considered as illnesses or not. According to Tozer and McClanahan (1999), the introduction of sexual orientation conversion therapy indicates that homosexual, which was declassified as mental illness for nearly three decades, can be “treated” is violating the ethical guideline. Therefore, it can be believed that the introduction of sexual orientation conversion therapy may imply discrimination on homosexual. Base on...
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