Sexual Orientation

Topics: Homosexuality, Sexual orientation, LGBT Pages: 11 (3697 words) Published: August 1, 2013
Introduction
Homosexuality is defined or characterized as attraction towards the same gender either male or female. It came from the Greek language, where “homo” means the same or similar, hence referring to the attraction between two beings of the same sex. Homosexuality is also referred as a clinical term. Most male homosexuals generally prefer to be called "gay men" and most homosexual women generally prefer to be called "lesbians." Homosexuality is one of the three main categories of sexual orientation, alongside bisexual and heterosexual. The longstanding consensus of the behavioral and social sciences and the health and mental health professions is that homosexuality is an example of normal and positive variation in human sexual orientation. Currently the most common adjectives in use are lesbian for women and gay for men, though gay can refer to either men or women. The American Psychology Association defines sexual orientation in the following way: “Sexual orientation is an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectionate attraction toward others”. There are three broad categories within the family of sexual orientations which are defined as: heterosexuality, homosexuality (gay orientation) and bisexuality. The origins of homosexuality has been surfacing now and then in our time and we will look at how the future will hold for them(homosexuals).

Literature Review
Nowadays, homosexuality is an uncomfortable and even forbidding topic for many, but in the ancient world it was commonplace and usual. Homosexuality existed since a long time ago and with it the land Greece came into mind. In ancient Greece, men and women were expected to marry to produce descendant, but the general public did not necessarily encourage love happened between them. Men and women lived very separate lives, and had little in common. Society considered love between males to fall in line with other social values like athletic skill and military courage. In fact, the Greeks were also known to use homosexuality as a military advantage; the Sacred Band of Thebesm was a troop of picked soldiers, consisting of 150 age-structured male couples, which formed the elite force of the Theban army in the 4th century BC. It consisted of pairs of male lovers who fought and died together.

When Rome gained power during the Empire era, its society borrowed much from the Greeks, including the concept of homosexuality. Though the social acceptance of homosexual relations in Rome waxed and waned during the centuries, it was no less present than in Greece. In fact, the emperor Hadrian the Roman Emperor from 117 BC to 138 BC, married to a woman, was openly homosexual and had a male lover, Antonius, who became revered as a cult figure. The rise of Christianity in ancient Rome was the cause of the decline of social acceptance of homosexuality in the western world. Early Christians were often celibate, refusing any type of sexual relationship. Moreover, homosexuality threatened the dynamic of a nuclear family which was so important to the Christian way of life. Though condemnation of homosexuality is found primarily in the Bible, Christians have maintained criticism towards the act through the years, even until today in a modern world, homosexuality is still widely criticized upon. We might come to think of whether we are born with it or grew to be one whether through nature or nurture. The nature’s concept of homosexuality is a simple possibility of a specific gene or combination of genes that genetically incline people from heterosexuality to homosexuality when they were born. This means that humans are born gay naturally. “You can't 'make' someone gay no more than you can 'make' someone straight. Of course environmental factors affect our sexuality. You just can't generalize these types of things. Ultimately what you end up doing is trying to figure out how to stop it-- like it's a disease or something--instead of trying to help people ACCEPT themselves...
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