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Central Georgia Technical College
In the last decade, sex trafficking has received a lot global attention. This attention is due in large part to new anti-trafficking initiatives undertaken by the international organizations and the United States government. The United States of America ranks as the world’s second largest destination/market country for women and children trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation in the sex industry. Human trafficking, which is also known as modern day slavery, is defined as recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Human trafficking and sexual exploitation are “part and parcel” of the larger worldwide and increasing slave trade. Trafficking is slavery because it includes fraud or extortion in restraint, gang rape, loss of liberty, and loss of self-determination on arrival in the destination industry. Both woman and children are affected by this problem. The joint fields of juvenile justice must become aware of the seriousness of human trafficking, and its impact on human rights. An estimated 30,000 victims of sex trafficking die each year from abuse, disease, torture, and neglect. Eighty percent of those sold into sexual slavery are under 24, and some are as young as six years old. A human trafficker can earn 20 times what he or she paid for a girl. Provided the girl was not physically brutalized to the point of ruining her beauty, the pimp could sell her again for a greater price because he had trained her and broken her spirit, which saves future buyers the hassle. A...
References: Baker, L., & Williamson, C. (2006). Book review: Sex trafficking. Violence Against Women, 12(312), doi: 10.1177/1077801205280935
Schauer, E., & Wheaton, E. (2006). Sex trafficking into the united states: A literature review. Criminal Justice Review, 31(146), doi: 10.1177/0734016806290136
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