There are seven organizational approaches that are used when studying the human body. Each approach is very important when it comes to understanding the different systems as well as how the human body works. The seven organizational approaches are body planes and direction, body cavities, quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic-to-macroscopic, body systems, and medical specialty.
Body planes and direction is the division of the body into different sections such as front and back, right and left, and top and bottom. These sections are called the coronal plane, the transverse plane, and the midsagittal plane. This approach is used when studying different organs, specific areas of the body, different functions of the organs, as well as describing different bodily functions.
The body cavity approach is the study of the different body cavities and the organs that are within each cavity. Body cavities help give organs their own place in the body as well as divide the body into numerous different sections. This approach is used when studying specific organs such as the lungs, which are located in the ventral cavity, and the brain which is located in the dorsal cavity.
The quadrants and regions approach is when the lower torso and abdominopelvic cavity are divided into four quadrants and nine sections. This is done so that we can identify which areas the internal organs are in the body. This approach can be used when conducting a physical exam.
The anatomy and physiology approach is the study of the different structures within the body and how each structure functions within the body. This is a good approach when explaining how different structures work.
The microscopic-to-macroscopic approach is when we study the human body according to the smallest parts and how each part combines to form larger, more complex structures and systems. This approach can be used when studying the different tissues and how cells form to make those tissues, and...
Turley, S. (2011). Medical language: Immerse yourself (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
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