Seven Organizational Approaches

Topics: Abdomen, Human anatomy, Organ, Anatomy, Medicine, Heart / Pages: 2 (608 words) / Published: Jun 29th, 2014
Seven Organizational Approaches to Studying the Human Body
HCA/220
Susan Calloway
June 22, 2014
Kathleen Mitchell

The human body is an anatomical position that divides the body into planes. Three main planes are frontal, sagittal, and transverse planes. These planes divide the body into front, back, right, left, and top and bottom. Anatomical terms are like reading directions on a compass, these terms are useful studying the anatomy it provides a line of communication to avoid confusion when identifying structures. Body planes are used to specify sections or regions of the body. This approach is common when studying particular organs and its surrounding functions. Body cavity is a hollow space surrounded by organs. There are five body cavities; cranial cavity, spinal cavity, thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, and pelvic cavity. First is the cranial cavity encompasses the brain and cranial nerves, and other structures(Turley, 2011). Second, spinal cavity is a continuation of the cranial cavity that consists of the spinal cord, and spinal nerves. Third, thoracic cavity is surrounded by the sternum within the chest. Within the thoracic cavity is the lungs, trachea, esophagus, mediastinum. Bordering the thoracic and abdominal cavity is the diaphragm, that separates the two. Fourth, abdominal cavity encloses most of the digestive organs, kidneys, and reproductive organs. Fifth, pelvic cavity is often referred to as the abdominopelvic cavity because the abdominal and pelvic cavities contain many of the same organs such as gastrointestinal, reproductive, and urinary systems. In order for a physician to have a sufficient physical examination, they split the body into quadrants and regions. The four quadrants are right upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left upper quadrant and left lower quadrant. Within these quadrants contains internal organs, helps to reference the body parts and organs during a physical examination(Turley, 2011). Regions form when two



References: Turley, Susan. Medical Language, Second Edition. Published by Prentice Hall. Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. McGraw-Hill Companies. Body Organization and Anatomical Nomenclature. Retrieved from highered.mcgraw-hill.com/.../ch02_sample.

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