1.Separation of Singapore from Malaysia
2. Why was separation inevitable? Economic reasons Delays in setting up common market Imposition of new taxes on Singapore Attempts to increase Spore’s contribution to the central government Political reasons Political rivalry Racial politics Effects of the Malaysian Malaysia campaign 3. Details of disagreements – Economic reasons Kuala Lumpur saw Singapore as an economic rival – implementation of common market was delayed as a result. Central government wanted to protect Malaysian industries, it imposed new taxes on Singapore. This hindered Singapore’s efforts to industrialise. KL proposed Singapore increased its contribution from 40% to 60%. Singapore feared this would cripple its economy. 4. Political reasons – impact of the elections on the r/s betw PAP and the Alliance 1963 State Election in Spore PAP won 37 out of 51 seats contested. The Singapore Alliance (made up of UMNO, MCA and MIC) did not win any seat. Alliance leaders in KL were upset with the outcome. 1964 Federal Election in Malaysia PAP took part, aim to build a Malaysia not based on racial lines, equal opportunities for all. Alliance leaders took offence, felt it challenged rights of the Malays
Racial Politics – Effects of the anti–PAP campaign UMNO embarked on an anti-PAP campaign using the Malay press, esp Utusan Melayu. Criticised PAP for not looking after interests of the Malays in Singapore. Exploited resettlement of Malay families in the Crawford, Kampong Glam and Rochor areas. Meetings were held betw PAP and Malay reps regarding education, employment and housing for Malays. Tension grew as matters did not improve. Led to the racial riots in 1964. 6. PAP’s Malaysian Malaysia campaign PAP campaigned for a Malaysian Malaysia, where everyone has equal rights and opportunities. October 1964 The Singapore Alliance stated that they would reorganise themselves to win enough votes in the 1967 Singapore state election to form a new government. 7. Events...
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