Separation Anxiety Disorder

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Separation anxiety disorder is a mental health disorder that begins in childhood and is characterized by worrying that is out of proportion to the situation of temporarily leaving home or otherwise separating from loved ones.
Approximately 4%-5% of children and adolescents suffer from separation anxiety disorder.

Separation Anxiety Disorder is more common in children with family histories of anxiety. Also, children whose mothers were stressed during pregnancy with them tend to be more at risk for developing this disorder. A majority of children with separation anxiety disorder have school refusal as a symptom and up to 80% of children who refuse to go to school qualify for the diagnosis of separation anxiety disorder. Approximately 50%-75% of children who suffer from this disorder come from homes of low socioeconomic status.

The Physical effects and symptoms of Separation Anxiety Disorder are: o repeated occurrence of physical symptoms (nausea, stomachache, headache, vomiting, etc.) on occasions that involve separation from a major attachment figure, such as leaving home to go to school; o persistent reluctance or refusal to go to sleep without being near or next to a major attachment figure; o Excessive, recurrent distress (as shown by anxiety, crying, tantrums, misery, apathy, or social withdrawal) in anticipation of, during, or immediately following separation from a major attachment figure

Social effects and symptoms are:

o persistent reluctance or refusal to go to school because of fear about separation

There are no immediate effects on the spiritual dimension of health

Psychological effects and symptoms of separation anxiety are: o repeated nightmares about separation; o persistent inappropriate fear of being alone at home during the day; o an unrealistic, preoccupying worry about possible harm befalling major attachment figures or a fear that they will leave and not return; o an unrealistic, preoccupying worry that some

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