30 October 2013
Essay Question 1) How was the policy of “separate but equal” established and what exactly did it mean? Provide specific examples of how “separate but equal” was applied in the United States. How it started:
Plessy vs. Ferguson case.
Plessy: 7/8ths white 1/8th black boarded an all white train car. The conductor asked of his race, so he told him. He sent him to the all colored railcar. Plessy refused and he was immediately arrested.
Essay Question 2) The 1920s was a transformative time period. With this in mind pretend you are a historical guide and have to write a history of the 1920s. Yes, this means you have to write, as a part of the requirements for this test, an exciting history of the 1920s. Hint: Every theme, person, or event that you discuss needs to include why it was significant.
The Roaring 20’s thrived on jazz music. It was always playing at local saloons until the prohibition law came into effect. After that occasion, they began to play at underground speakeasies for friends, family, and other town folk.
At the time, it was felt that alcohol was a problem. In an effort to reduce violence and crime, the prohibition law was enacted. It was a national ban on the sale, production and transportation of alcohol. This meant that all saloons were shut down, you couldn’t buy alcohol anywhere and there was no legal movement of it from the distributors. People were outraged because they couldn’t get their alcohol. They created underground, or in-home, speakeasies. A speakeasy was a place of laid back comfort with illegal alcohol that townspeople could come to.
Along with the prohibition act, there were many gangsters involved with the illegal sale, production and distribution of alcohol. Al Capone was the boss man of the largest gang in the Northeast. He controlled a large portion of speakeasies, gambling and prostitution. He began running one of the largest crime organizations in history. He was soon arrested for tax evasion and violation of the prohibition act and was sent to Alcatraz prison. After 6.5 years he was released and moved back to his Florida home.
The women in this era went from triangle shirts and long skirts to fur coats and short frilly dresses. They called this style the Gibson girl, later known as a flapper. The flapper girls were very boyish looking. They had pinned up or bobbed hair, were flat chested and frequently smoked cigarettes. This change influenced the women’s fashion industry forever. No one wanted to buy triangle shirts anymore. It was all about the shorter, flashy dresses. They were seeking independence from the more reserved social expectations of the women during this time.
Younger men and women wanted to avoid returning to society’s normal gender roles when World War II ended. During the age of the Gibson Girl, women did not date, they waited until a kind gentleman courted her and proposed marriage. However, a plethora of young men had died in the war, so there were many women left without possible husbands. Like any young generation, the ladies did not want to waste away their lives waiting for some man to come along, they wished to enjoy their lives and live freely. So the flapper-girl-style widely began to trend throughout the country.
There were many jazz artists in the 1920’s. Most of the jazz artists were African American. This was because they were segregated, as I will talk more about later on. During this time, the colored people were drawn more to the soulful music of jazz while white people focused more on the classical music. The Creoles, however, were forced to stay with the black people and their music, so they created a type of music called ragtime. Ragtime music has the soul of jazz music, but the dynamics of classical music. These types of music were expressions of the colored people’s lifestyle and emotions during this time.
Henry Ford created the Model T automobile in...
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