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Highest governing body
Sepak takraw (Malay: "sepak takraw" or "sepak raga", Jawi: سيڤق تكراو or سيڤق راڬا; Thai: ตะกร้อ, RTGS: takro; Lao: ກະຕໍ້ "ka-taw"; Filipino: "sipa"; Vietnamese: "cầu mây"), or kick volleyball, is a sport native to the Malay-Thai Peninsula. Sepak takraw differs from the similar sport of volleyball in its use of a rattan ball and only allowing players to use their feet, knee, chest and head to touch the ball. It is a popular sport in Southeast Asia. In Malaysia, the game is called sepak raga or "takraw". It is also thuck thay (Lao: "twine" and "kick") while in Thailand it is sometimes called takraw. In Myanmar it is known as chin lone. In the Philippines, besides "takraw" it is also known as sipa, meaning "kick". Similar games include footbag net, footvolley, football tennis, bossaball, jianzi and sipa. These similar games all involve keepie uppies. Contents [hide]
3.3 United States
4 Rules and regulations
4.6 Start of play and service
4.7.1 Serving side during service
4.7.2 Serving and receiving side during service
4.7.3 For both sides during the game
4.8 Scoring system
5 Competing countries
5.1 Commonwealth of Nations Sepaktakraw Federation
5.2 Pacific Cup Sepaktakraw Federation
7 See also
9 External links
"Sepak" is the Malay word for kick and "takraw" is the Thai word for a woven ball, therefore sepak takraw quite literally means to kick ball. The choosing of this name for the sport was essentially a compromise between Malaysia and Thailand, the two powerhouse countries of the sport. History
Earliest historical evidence shows that the game was played in the 15th century's Malacca Sultanate, for it is mentioned in the Malay historical text, "Sejarah Melayu" (Malay Annals). The Malay Annals described in details the incident of Raja Muhammad, a son of Sultan Mansur Shah who was accidentally hit with a rattan ball by Tun Besar, a son of Tun Perak, in a Sepak raga game. The ball hit Raja Muhammad's headgear and knocked it down to the ground. In anger, Raja Muhammad immediately stabbed and killed Tun Besar, whereupon some of Tun Besar's kinsmen retaliated and wanted to kill Raja Muhammad. However, Tun Perak managed to restrain them from such an act of treason by saying that he would no longer accept Raja Muhammad as the Sultan's heir. As a result of this incident, Sultan Mansur Shah ordered his son out of Malacca and had him installed as the ruler of Pahang. In Indonesia, sepak takraw was spread from nearby Malacca across the strait to Riau islands and Riau area in Sumatra as early as 16th century, where it is also called as Sepak Raga in local Malay tongue, at that time some of Sumatran areas were part of Malacca sultanate. From there the Malay people spread across archipelago and introduced the game to Buginese people in Sulawesi. Then the game is developed as Buginese traditional game which is called "Raga" (the players are called "Pa'Raga"). The "Raga" can trace its origin from Malacca Sultanate, and was popular in South Sulawesi since 19th century. Some men playing "Raga" encircling within a group, the ball is passed from one to another and the man who kicked the ball highest is the winner. "Raga" is also played for fun by demonstrating some tricks, such as kicking the ball and putting it on top of player's head holds by tengkolok bugis (Bugis cloth headgear similar to Malay tanjak). In Bangkok, murals at Wat Phra Kaeo which was built in 1785, depict the Hindu god Hanuman playing sepak takraw in a ring with a troop of monkeys. Other historical accounts...
References: ^ a b c Shawn Kelley. "Takraw: A Traditional Southeast Asian (mostly in Malaysia ) Sport". Archived from the original on July 10, 2007. Retrieved July 30, 2007.
^ J. A. Mangan, Fan Hong (2002). Sport in Asian society: past and present. Frank Cass Publishers. pp. 220. ISBN 978-0-7146-8330-0.
^ Hackworth, M. (2006). Sepak Takraw. Sierra Star Journal,644, 858-101.
^ Dunsmore, Susi (1983). Sepak Raga. University of Michigan. p. 2.
^ Brown, Charles Cuthbert (1970). Sejarah Melayu; or, Malay annals: an annotated translation [from the Malay]. Oxford University Press. p. 89.
^ "Sepak Takraw: By Fred Varcoe". Metropolis Magazine. February 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
^ The Log, Northrop University Student Newspaper, November 5, 1987, Vol 35, No. 3.
^ "Video". CNN. August 8, 1994.
^ Kalish,J. (2004). Talking Takraw[Electronic Version]. Journal of Mens Fitness, Vol. 20, Issue 10.
^ a b Sportsmatchmaker. (2005). Sepak Takraw.Retrieved March 23, 2009, from the sportsmatchmaker website: http://www.sportsmatchmaker.com/rules/s-sports/sepak_takraw.cfm
^ a b c d e f g International Sepaktakraw Federation (ISTAF) (2004)
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