Sensation and Perception

Topics: Sense, Color, Light / Pages: 56 (13860 words) / Published: Feb 13th, 2011
Sensation and Perception 183 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior
Chapter: Sensation and Perception
Sensation and Perception
Sensation versus Perception
Psychophysics and Thresholds
Vision
USING PSYCHOLOGY: Color
Visual receptor: The Eye
Operation of the Eye
Eye Problem: Color Blindness
Hearing
Operation of the Ear
Ear Problem: Deafness
Chemical senses—Smell and Taste
Chemical Senses Receptors: The Nose and Taste Buds
Operation of the Chemical Senses
Other senses: Skin
Other Senses: Balance and Body Position
Perception
Figure-ground Perception
The Wholeness of Figure Perception
Perceptual Grouping
Perception and Attention
Stimulus Variation and Perception
Perceptual Constancies
Visual Perception of Distance
Visual Perception of Motion
Hearing Perception
Illusions as "Errors" in Perception
USING PSYCHOLOGY: Clothing
Extrasensory perception (ESP)
REVIEW QUESTIONS
ACTIVITIES
INTERESTED IN MORE?
Sensation and Perception
WHAT'S THE ANSWER? Instructors in Driver Education advise their students to look twice in both directions before driving across an intersection. Why? "Watch it, Klausman! Watch where you're going!. . .
Well, would you look at that. He ran into the goal post!"Sensation and Perception 184 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Moments later, "Klausman, how many times have I told you?
You've got to look where you're going! What if that had been a defensive player from the opposing team? How do you feel?" "I feel OK, coach, but I've got a bad ringing in my ears."
What causes the ringing in your ears that you may hear after bumping your head? How can ice skaters in a dancing routine make high-speed spinning turns without getting so dizzy that they lose their balance? Some experimenters have reported frequent successes in
transmitting

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