Seminar 1 Obektivno

Topics: Semantics, Syntax, Semiotics Pages: 7 (1612 words) Published: April 14, 2015
Seminar 1
I
Она окинула взглядом Гофер-Прери. Снег, сплошной пеленой затянувший всё от улиц до всепоглощающих прерий, срывал с города маску тихого пристанища. Дома были лишь черными пятнами на белом полотне. a) snow stretching without break Semantics: the transference of the mode of action; common semantic characteristic – duration of the process; Originality: genuine; Expressiveness: the gap between associated modes is quite wide; Syntactic function: verb; Vividness: vivid, the reality is shown in underlining that the action is really long; Elaboration of the created image: single metaphor. b) devouring prairie Semantics: the transference of the typical characterization; common semantic characteristic – vast; Originality: genuine; Expressiveness: the gap is huge; Syntactic function: object predicative; Vividness: vivid, the reality is that there is nothing else; Elaboration of the created image: single. c) wiped out Semantics: personification, the transference of the mode of action; common semantic characteristic – lack of visibility; Originality: genuine; Expressiveness: the gap is not critical; Syntactic function: verb; Vividness: very vivid, the reality is almost exactly shown; Elaboration of the created image: single. d) black specks on a white sheet Semantics: the transference of the name of one object to another; common semantic characteristics – (for houses) color, size, (for background) color; Originality: trite; Expressiveness: the gap is not wide; the visual likeness is obvious; Syntactic function: subject predicative; Vividness: vivid, the reality is almost exactly shown; Elaboration of the created image: sustained. 2. А юбки! Как они выглядели! Представляли они собой ни что иное как огромные украшенные пирамиды, каждая из которых была увенчана станом принцессы. Semantics: the transference of the name of one object to another; common semantic characteristics – size, form. Originality: genuine; Expressiveness: the gap is not too wide; Syntactic function: subject predicative + subordinate clause; Vividness: very vivid; Elaboration of the created image: sustained, continued by the subordinate clause. 3. Я смотрел прямо шоферу в затылок, который походил на рельефную карту, составленную из шрамов от фурункулов Semantics: the transference of the name of one object to another; common semantic characteristic – texture. Originality: genuine; Expressiveness: the gap is quite wide; Syntactic function: subject predicative; Vividness: very vivid; Elaboration of the created image: sustained. 4. Она была статной и в некоторой степени напоминала львицу. И если эта девушка была львицей, то вторая была пантерой – грациозной и быстрой. a) in a rather leonine way Semantics: the transference of the typical characterization; common semantic characteristic – portance; Originality: genuine; Expressiveness: the gap is not quite wide; Syntactic function: adverbial; Vividness: vivid, easy to compare. Elaboration of the created image: single. b) lioness, panther Semantics: the transference of the name of one object to another; common semantic characteristic – portance. Originality: trite; Expressiveness: the gap is not quite wide; Syntactic function: subject predicative; Vividness: vivid; Elaboration of the created image: single. Portance – манера держать себя.

5. Его голос резал слух, словно кинжал из окисленной меди. Semantics: the transference of the name of one object to another; common semantic characteristic – being painful, either literally, or figuratively; Originality: genuine; Expressiveness: the gap is very wide; Syntactic function: subject predicative; Vividness: very vivid; Elaboration of the created image: sustained. Ex. 2, p. 31.

1. Представившись, он начал бродить по комнате, рассматривая картины, бронзу и терракот и спрашивая, кто создал это, нарисовал то и откуда привезли третье. Type of relations: the material instead of actual objects; Originality: genuine; Syntactical function: object. 2. Она хотела много...
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