"Should high self-esteem be a goal in society?" This question is raised often in the essay being reviewed, and in the end is the question you are left asking yourself.
Self-esteem is literally defined by how much value people place on themselves (Baumeister, Campbell, Krueger, Vohs, 2003). High self-esteem has become a growing craze ever since the 1970's, turning from a forbidden sin' to a way of life', Baumeister et al (2003).
The essay on self esteem poses the question, as said in the title, Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles?', Baumeister et al (2003). Through specific and thorough research, Baumeister et al. (2003) came to the unsatisfactory findings that high self-esteem vaguely, if at all, has an effect on any of these questions with the exception of happiness. Theoretically, especially in the Western World, self-esteem is hypothesized to have a great effect on the outcome of such things as performance in school, work, success, friends, groups, and so on. But, in reality there is hardly any correlation to these ideas. Also, there are too many problems with the methods of research and the nature of self-esteem to be completely accurate in the answer. The researchers then talk about the importance of self-esteem, its place with individuals and society, and how best to improve it. The essay spends a lot of time explaining all the various ways to study self-esteem. Baumeister et al (2003), eventually decided that their research would be narrowed down to and focused on articles that focused on the consequences if self-esteem, one's that the hypothesis' favored self-esteem, and that were all from PsychINFO. The psychologists ran into four main problems with the research of self-esteem. First, they dismissed a lot of articles, especially on the exact subject of self-esteem. Second, is that people with high self-esteem view themselves as better than