Self-Discrepancy and the Level of Satisfaction with Life

Powerful Essays
Topics: Psychology, Identity
ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to understand and examine the relationship between self-discrepancy and the level of satisfaction with life. The study is based on the theory of Carl Rogers and in carried out in a humanistic approach.

A total of 60 questionnaires are obtained with validity with subjects aged 12 to 35 of both sexes. The modified California Q-set and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were adopted to measure the discrepancy between actual self and ideal self and the level of satisfaction with life respectively.

The SPSS program was chosen as the method for data analysis. The findings indicated that a significant negative relationship between the discrepancy of self and the.
In all, the study provided partial extension of self-discrepancy theory. It contributed to self-discrepancy research in relation to satisfaction with life and anxiety.

CONTENT

Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Background
Aims of the Study
Hypothesis
Defining . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Self / Self Concept Congruence Incongruence, Anxiety and Defend Mechanism Satisfaction with Life
Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Participants Materials Procedure
Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Strength & Limitation of theory Limitations of research
Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Appendices . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Table 1 Table 2 Chart 1 Chart 2 Chart 3 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Questionnaire
INTRODUCTION
Background
In social psychology, the concept of self-consistency and self-inconsistency has generated increasing concern since the incidence of self-conflicts would affect psychological adjustment and well-being of individuals. Over the last couple of decades, various classic theories relating self and affect



References: Satisfaction with Life Shin and Johnson (1978) describe the board concept of happiness as the individual’s assessment of the quality of life as per the criteria set by the individual Kareem, Shazia, M.A.: When East meets West: The relations between acculturation, self-discrepancy, and life satisfaction, Southern Connecticut State University, 2005 Markus, H., & Kitayama, S Markus, H., & Wurf, E. (1987). The dynamic self-concept: A social psychological perspective. Annual Review of Psychology; 1987, 38, 299-337. Ryckmann, R.M. (1993) Theories of personality (5th ed.) California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co. Forston, M. T., & Stanton, A. L. (1992). Self-discrepancy theory as a framework for understanding bulimic symptomatology and associated distress. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 11 (2), 103-118.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Consumers ’ higher-level goals incorporate life themes andvalues (Huffman et al. 2000). The moral value of being a goodperson is a globally positioned motivational goal (Emmons 1989)that functions on a regular basis. One proof for this is the cognitivedissonance that individuals experience when their actions arediscrepant with the cognitions of being competent and sensiblepersons (Aronson 1992). Similarly, self-discrepancy theory as-sumes that individuals evaluate themselves by comparing the actualself…

    • 98 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    searching for a journal article, we came across one study that we thought was very relevant to today’s world. It was a study by authors Martin Eisend and Jana Moller that proved that TV viewing did increase the incongruence between the ideal self and the real self among women as well as men. Since the beginning of technology and its advancements, the media has never been as strong in influencing people as it is today. This especially holds true to younger generations because they are more exposed…

    • 891 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In order to improve discrepancies between individuals and ultimately reduce the risk of depression in teenager’s serious education reforms need to take place. Studies have found that psychiatric disorders in young people range between 16-30% with depressive disorder being the most common (Robinson et. Al, 2009). Young people are often unwilling to seek help and feel as though there a discrepancy between their actual-self and ought-self (Robinson et. Al, 2009). 60% of school students currently report…

    • 266 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    ASSIGNMENT 1 Submission date 14th November 2014 Where to start? The following text describes the working life of five successful individuals with high levels of job satisfaction. You are asked to read this text and then discuss five questions presented in a table immediately after. You will find each of the assignment questions that you need to address on the left column, and the instructions to answer each question on the right column. READ this very carefully as these instructions give…

    • 1786 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    SURVEY LEVEL OF LIFE SATISFACTION AMONG SCINCE AND ARTS STUDENTS Submitted by: Ayesha Bhatti Submitted to: Ms Raumish Tabassum KINNAIRD COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, LHR Chapter 1 Introduction Survey A survey is a data collection tool used to gather information about individuals. Surveys are commonly used in psychology research to collect self-report data from study participants. A survey may focus on factual information about individuals, or it might aim to collect…

    • 2896 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Abstract The correlation between depression and life satisfaction for older adults was examined using questionnaires. Four hundred and one older adults (age 65 and above) filled out two questionnaires that assessing depression and life satisfaction, as well as two irrelevant questionnaires that were used to prevent from guessing the hypothesis. As hypothesized, significant negative correlation was found between depression and life satisfaction for older adults. However, the strength of the correlation…

    • 2640 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    and this is according to a study of Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI- DOST).Because of this nowadays students have change in compassion with taking into account eating habit, an active ways of life, spending free time. The year twenty thirteen (2013) is a ‘technology” generation. The students are now busier and want to have efficient way in every daily routine. The students are now much no longer cook their own foods for a meal instead buy it…

    • 5233 Words
    • 21 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Running Head: LIFE SATISFACTION AND HAPPINESS 1 Life Satisfaction and Happiness; Persons Who Have a Better Outlook on Life will be Happier and will have more Meaning and Satisfaction in their Life’s Journey Renee` Ann Tiller Capella University LIFE SATISFACTION AND HAPPINESS…

    • 1893 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    levels of life

    • 572 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Associate Program Material Levels of Life Worksheet Complete all three parts of this worksheet. Part I: Atomic Structure – Fill in the missing information on atomic structure and organic compounds. Atomic Structure Subatomic Particle Charge Location in an Atom Proton Positive Nucleus Neutron Neutral Nucleus Electron Negative Spherical (outer-shell) Organic Compounds Large Biological Molecule Atoms it Contains Monomer(s) Function(s) in Living Organisms Carbohydrates…

    • 572 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    A Study on Self-Esteem and Job Satisfaction of Soldiers in Camp Evangelista, Cagayan de Oro City Xavier University –Ateneo de Cagayan Hidlao, Gina Luz P. Tagarda, Aiza Elisea C. Turno, April Grace G. Mr. Rogelio A. Lee, Jr. M.A. Research Adviser Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION In any industrial organizations, there is a highlight on the importance of the well-being of its workforce aside from having a concrete structure for…

    • 6177 Words
    • 25 Pages
    Powerful Essays