American history throughout the years shows the struggle that some citizens had to endure. When the Civil War ended African Americans were no longer slaves, but they were not equal either. African Americans still faced discrimination because they were Black people. This essay will explain how and why African Americans attacked segregation in American society in the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1950s and 1960s African Americans communities made public announcements dealing with a matter of great importance regarding the process of being set free from unequal rights and political restrictions. However, "in the District of Columbia and several western and mid-western states" also faced disenfranchised. African Americans fought for their rights in the United States because they were tired of being denied legal rights and privileges as citizens in America. The United States of America was a segregated country during this time (Miller, Gormly & Woestman, 2014). African American took action against being apart from other people and communities. The laws under "Jim Crow' prohibited the Africans Americans from legislatures, juries, bathrooms, classrooms and train cars. Nonetheless during the 1950s and 1960s De Facto prejudicial treatment of the different race existed in the United States. De Facto was "discrimination by practice rather than by law." On the other hand, De Jure discrimination was a law that was followed by citizens in the United States (Miller, Gormly & Woestman, 2014). The segregation of de facto made it hard for all minorities to escape from poverty because “neighborhoods were divided.” Therefore, African Americans attacked segregation in American society in the 1950s and 1960s by fighting against the law in the United States. The Supreme Court in the United States in 1954 did not support the "separate by equal" doctrine. Hence, at this time the court looked into a case for "Brown v. Broad of Education" in Kansas time (Miller, Gormly & Woestman, 2014). However Brown started his case years ago because he wanted his daughter to attend school with white children but was rejected. Campaigns were characterized by civil resistance known as the Civil Rights movement. The African Americans goal was to put an end to discrimination and racial segregation in the United States of America. NAACP was part of the Civil Rights movement. The "NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall" appealed Brown case time (Miller, Gormly & Woestman, 2014). Marshall in court argued that African American schools are "unequal in financial resources, quality and number of students and education resources" and that "separate but equal" was contradictory. Unfortunately, the court did not make a decision in 1952 regarding the issue. The African Americans were failed once again before the Supreme Court "two years later." The court ordered "local schools broads" to take responsibility for making changes in "educational facilities" "with all deliberate speed." Time (Miller, Gormly & Woestman, 2014). Civil rights activists protested nonviolent actions. During the Civil Rights era in the 1950s and 1960s there were leaders from the African American population. For example, Rosa Parks, Andrew Goodman, Martin Luther King Jr, and Malcolm X were leaders during the civil rights movements. These leaders fought in the name of freedom and equality for the black community. African Americans worked together as a nation for having rights in the United States. Due to the suppression the African Americans responded to segregation in marches, speeches by leaders to get attention from the government so they can no longer live in a degrading way because they were black citizens. The African Americans were successful in many ways. During the civil rights movements, African Americans achievements were the "post-Civil War constitutional amendments" that put an end to slavery and "established citizenship" for the African American people and they also had voting rights as well (history.com Staff, 2009). Between the 1950s and 1960s campaigns like the SCLC, SNCC AND NAACP were companies in the United States fighting for African American rights. Martin Luther King Jr was a member of the NAACP along with Rosa Parks, but Martin Luther King Jr. was the President of the SCLC known as the "Southern Christian Leadership Conference." They attack segregation in American society by marching in groups, and speeches through the media. For example, Martin Luther King Jr speech “I Have a Dream” in 1963 was watched by millions of people on television (history.com Staff, 2009). Even though the Supreme Court agreed to changes in "public school segregation" African Americans felt the need to oblige the "federal government to agree in extending its proposition that serves as the foundation for "all areas of public life" and not just for public schools. Therefore, legal suits were sponsored by the NAACP for social changes which were supplemented by increasingly massive and militant social movement (snh.im, 2013). The NAACP organization was the primary cause for most of the success. Cases that were being fought for African Americans were members from the NAACP because they had "trained lawyers." Success was accomplished by lawyer Marshall in the Brown case. The Brown case achieved success because discrimination was no longer in public schools. Parks and Luther Jr. success were achieved through speeches and religion which caught the media attention and support from white liberal. The Federal government also supported Civil Rights (snh.im, 2013). Unfortunately, failures were due to Congress in the movement. Both Kennedy and Johnson who supported the change were only able to do but so much due "racism within congress." Marches in the 1960s led to riots and the support from the white liberal and state was no longer efficient. The Black Panther acted out in violence that made matters worse during the Civil Rights era. The lack of support made them fail (snh.im, 2013). Overall, African Americans went through a lot during the Civil Rights era. In spite of discrimination against African Americans, they continued to stand up for their rights. Although, NAACP may have lost many cases, they also had won many court cases on the behalf of black people. The African Americans attacked segregation not only in groups with songs and posters but with each other support. The African Americans effort in the 1950s and 1960s gave a new generation the opportunity to be successful people in life.
References Miller, Gormly &Woestman. (2014). Making america. (Sixth ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth. Civil rights in the usa 145-1968. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.snhs.im/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Revsion-route-2012-4.pdf History.com Staff. (2009). Civil rights movement. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement