It is widely reported that fan behaviour has been a major problem at soccer stadiums in Malaysia. This research will not be addressing this issue, but will be on how the correct infrastructure and people will begin the long term strategic aim of working to resolve the dynamics of the crowd and behaviour of crowds in Malaysia stadium.
According to BS8800: 1996 “Guide to occupation of health and safety management system”, audit is a systematic and wherever possible, independent examination to determine whether activities and related results conform to planned arrangements and whether these arrangements are implemented effectively and are suitable to achieve the organization's policy and objectives.
According to Wikipedia, security management is a broad field of management related to asset management, physical security and human resource safety functions. It entails the identification of an organization's information assets and the development, documentation and implementation of policies, standards, procedures and guidelines.
The definition of safety as it was provided by the Oxford Advanced Learner‘s Dictionary (2005), the state of being safe and protected from danger and harm. The security is a key element of this study; the definition of security found in Oxford Advanced Learner‘s Dictionary (2005) will be used, namely, the activities involved in protecting a country, building or person against attack, danger.
Football is a game of passion and when passion is at stake adrenaline runs high. When it comes to football in Malaysia, emotions and adrenaline run even higher as the teams playing in the Malaysian leagues are hugely state based, giving every fan more reason to back their team. Frequently, the incidents happen at stadium in Malaysia are such the audience throw the firecracker, the riot incident between the fans, the audience injured in the stadium.
1) Incident the audience throws the firecracker in the stadium. Based from this article, the incident happen at the Sarawak State Stadium, where a firecracker exploded just metres away from four media photographers covering the Malaysia Cup opening match between Sarawak and Selangor. It was understood that the resulting explosion left some of them with light injuries as the firecracker had went off some half a metre away from where the photographers were standing. The firecracker hurling incident, often believed to be caused by those seated in the higher stands, prompted many members of the public to raise the longstanding safety issue of those attending to their duties on the field and fans who were seated close to the running tracks. (August 29 2012, BORNEO POST OUTLINE, “FAS responsible on all safety issue ay stadium negeri”). 2) The riot incident happens between the fans.
Based from this article, the Riot Response Unit Civil Service (PORU) had to be used to ease the situation in the Sarawak after fans riot squad reliable Sarawak football fan not satisfied with the decision of the match referee. According to Kuching district police Chief ACP Roslan Bek Ahmad, nearly 150 police including from PORU and Malaysia People's Volunteer Corps (RELA) deployed to control chaos immediately after the match between the Sarawak team against the Lion XII. The incident involved almost 2000 Sarawak fans. However, reportedly there no injury or arrested happen. (March 19, 2012, BORNEO POST OUTLINE, “PORU chosen Ngap Soyot riot supporter”). 3) The audience injured in the stadium.
A trader blind right eye when hit by a tear gas shells during a soccer match riot outside Sultan Muhammad IV Stadium here in 2009, today being compensated RM150, 000. High Court Judge Datuk Ahmad Zaidi Ibrahim decide the amount of damages after finding that the plaintiff, Huzaifah Muhd Noor Muhammad, 22, had proved serious injuries he suffered in the right eye is the result of a bullet shot tear gas being released the...
References: 1) FIFA Football Stadium Technical Recommendation and Requirement 4th Edition, 2007.
2) FIFA Safety Guideline 1978.
3) http//www.wiki.safety audit//
4) March 19, 2012, BORNEO POST OUTLINE, “PORU chosen Ngap Soyot riot supporter”.
5) August 29 2012, BORNEO POST OUTLINE, “FAS responsible on all safety issue ay stadium negeri”.
6) BS8800: 1996 “Guide to occupation of health and safety management system”.
7) The Oxford Advanced Learner‘s Dictionary (2005).
8) Journal of Primary Principles of Post-9/11 Stadium Security in the United States: Transatlantic Implications from British Practices: Benjamin D. Goss, Ed.D. Clemson University, Colby B. Jubenville, Ph.D. Middle Tennessee State University, Jon L. MacBeth, Ed.D, Middle Tennessee State University
Please join StudyMode to read the full document