Seafood and Depression

Topics: Beck Depression Inventory, Eating, Nutrition Pages: 5 (1556 words) Published: June 28, 2005
Seafood and Depression
There have been studies that conclude that there is some relationship between food intake and mental health. The stress you endure, and how you deal with it differs in many ways. There is evidence that the more seafood college students eat the lower level of depression they experience. Researchers have two different inventories for depression. The Beck Depression Inventory is a leading depression inventory, and the new inventory is the Wilsonson's Depression Scale (Wilsonson, Gofendorfer, & Brazleton, 2002). The results of both tests were identical. The Wilsonson Depression Scale proved to be more simple to administer and faster to complete and score (Wilsonson et al., 2002). This study, as well as others (Arbor, Dolfin, & Pecanhead, 2003; Black, Marsh, Roberts, Kickerback, Duey, Freeberslager, Williamsonson, & Friday, 2004; Smith & Hold, 2004; Thompson, 2004; Wilsonson, Gofendorfer, & Brazleton, 2002) have shown that when seafood intake is high your depression level is lower. One study examined the relationship between eating different foods to include seafood and depression (Arbor, Dolfin, & Pecanhead, 2003). In this particular study, the groups took the Wilsonson's Depression Scale before and after the participants divided into three groups and put on one of three very strict diets. Results of the study showed a significant difference in the levels of depression after being on the diet. A different study, (Black, Marsh, Roberts, Kickerback, Duey, Freeberslager, Williamsonson, & Friday, 2004) examined elderly people and gave them tests on personality, depression, and kept a journal of food intake for over three weeks. The Black (2004) study broke into two groups. One group said that they ate seafood at least six times a week and the other group only three or fewer a week. The Smith and Hold (2004) study was made up of 1000 elderly people living in the South. All the participants took personality tests and depression scales and kept food journals for six weeks. After the six-week study, the researchers cross-referenced the journals, personality tests, and depression scales. The Thompson study (2004) is a little different from the others. In this particular study, a group of teenage couples in the Central United States was given Beck's Depression Inventory in 1985, 1992, and again in 2004. After the test, all the couples moved to the Gulf Coast and a mass marriage took place, and they lived in homes exactly alike. The men became anglers and women learned to be chefs. The couples could not prepare or consume anything that was not seafood during the entire study. All the couples had identical homes, incomes, and cable service. All the couples had to redo the depression inventory in 1992, and in 2004. There is a text that verifies all of this information these studies have concluded. The Smith and Hold (2004) text is said to be the best source of information on food intake, and emotions. The text bases its explanations and treatments on the theory that the food we consume effects our emotions. Theories mention in the text that it is important to eat a well balanced diet to include seafood at least six times per week. This text, like the studies, said the more seafood consumed the lower levels of depression people would have and above average well-being. All of these studies have found that your diet affects your feelings and mental state. This research is to prove for a relative fact that the more seafood college students consume the less depressed and unhappy they will be.

One-hundred undergraduate students enrolled in classes at Northwestern State University, and all are Psychology majors in their first year of study participated in this study. The study had an equal number of men and women. The participants varied in race with the majority being European-American (N=50), Hispanic-Americans (N=28), and African-Americans (N=22)....

References: Arbor, T.T., Dolfin, J.J., & Pecanhead, B.K. (2003). Positive correlation between
seafood consumption and feeling of emotional well-being among retirees
Flynn, E., & Pooey, H. (2003). What are they thinking: Monkey minds dissected. Journal of
Monkey Business, 12(9), 55-98.
Phillips, B., & Brenham, S. (2002). How does that make you feel: Monkies
react to psychotherapeutic questioning [Electronic version]
Smith, B., Blowhard, J., Hardinson, B.P., Sherman, B., Ebert, R., Knight, P., et al.
Smith, B. P., & Hold, A. (2003). I like fish, do you? New York: USA Psychological
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Smith, B. P., & Hold, A. (2004). Psychophysiological effects of eating seafood. American
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Smith, Bill P., & Hold, A. (2005). Who likes fish? Characteristics of people who love and hate
seafood [Electronic version]
Thompson, C. (2004). Consumption of seafood associated with lower levels of depression:
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Wilsonson, B., Gofendorfer, C.B., & Brazelton, W.F., III. (2002). Development and
implementation of the Wilsonson 's Depression Scale
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