Topics: Scientific method, Paradigm shift, Paradigm Pages: 5 (1576 words) Published: December 16, 2012
A paradigm is a world view that controls the way we understand the world in which we live. A paradigm shift occurs when the dominant paradigm is replaced by a new paradigm.  Some examples of paradigm shifts are given below.  One of the most significant paradigm shifts occurred in science when the paradigm that united all truth into  one was replaced by a paradigm that separated the revealed truth of the Bible from scientific truth.  Newton wrote that, "He was thinking God's thoughts after him.", because he saw scientific investigation as a branch of Biblical truth.  This paradigm has been replaced by today's methodological naturalism.   The problem with today's paradigm is that science has become the only means of determining truth.  There is no way to evaluate the claims of modern science.  However, we believe that there is a need to evaluate the conclusions of scientists by measuring them against absolute truth as revealed to us in God's word, the Bible. Geocentrism to Heliocentrism

In 1610 Galileo pointed his telescope at Jupiter and observed the orbits of four of its moons.  He believed that there was a force (which we now call gravity) that keeps the moons of Jupiter in their orbits and the same force could keep the Earth's moon going around it as the Earth moved around the Sun. His observations convinced him that the Earth orbits the Sun along with the other planets.  Thus Galileo refuted those who believed that the Sun and all the planets orbited the Earth.  On the basis of his scientific observations Galileo became a heliocentrist. However the consequences of this paradigm shift were even went far beyond astronomy; not so much because of the change that occurred but why it occurred and who opposed it. The Church opposed this scientific change not because it had a biblical position but because it defended an Aristotelian system of science that stated that the Earth was the centre of the universe. Galileo and others believed that science was a higher authority than the churches.  As a consequence the authority of the Bible was undermined. Catastrophism to Gradualism

During the 17th and 18th centuries the dominant geological paradigm was catastrophism. The catastrophists, like Cuvier, believed that the geological features of the Earth were the result of many catastrophic events, one of which was the worldwide flood in the days of Noah. However, by the end of the 18th century people were starting to propose new ideas.  Hutton and Lyell were two leaders of this paradigm shift. They proposed that the geological features had not been formed quickly as the result of a series of catastrophes. Their new paradigm was one of gradual change.  They argued that geological features were the result of processes that are occurring all the time.  The gradual processes of erosion and deposition could if given enough time produce the many layers of sedimentary rock that the catastrophists said were formed quickly.  The gradualists explained away the global flood of Noah that we read about in the Bible and other ancient writings. Creation to Evolution

The 19th century was one in which people's confidence in the Bible was undermined.  The paradigm shift in geology meant many people believed the Earth was millions of years old.  The way was open for a Darwinian explanation of biological origins.  The theories of evolution that where popular during the early 19th century required a lot of time.  The gradualist’s geologists gave evolutionary theorists the time they needed.  Darwin provided a mechanism for the origin of species.  Natural selection could if given enough time produce all the modern species of plant and animal.  There was no need for God to create each kind of animal. Faith in God to faith in science

These and many other paradigm shifts have marginalised and finally eliminated God.  People today have faith in science.  The technological achievements brought about by modern science have demonstrated its power...
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