scotland

Topics: Scotland, Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh Pages: 15 (1579 words) Published: October 8, 2014

Contents

Introduction
With a population of around 5.2 million people Scotland is part of the United Kingdom and occupies the northern third of Great Britain. Scotland’s mainland shares a border with England to the south. Tourism is one of Scotland’s most gainful assets, focusing on such attractions as golf, walking and a its rich history.

Historical Scottish Figures
Charles Edward Stuart
Charles Edward Stuart also known as ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’ was born in 1720. He was the grandson of King James VII of Scotland and II of England. Many Highland clans supported him - others opposed him, siding with the Hanoverian monarch. Most Lowland Scots and English people were against him and he gained little support from English Jacobites. He died in 1788. Mary Queen of Scots

One of the most stable figures in Scottish history, Mary Queen of Scots was born in Linlithgow Palace in 1542 but brought up in France as a Catholic. She returned to Scotland on the death of her first husband King Francis II of France to reign in what would become a turbulent period in Scottish history. After two marriages which were political disasters and the appointment of an Italian First Minister, she fled to England where she was imprisoned by her cousin Elizabeth I. Mary was executed at Fotheringay Castle in 1587. William Wallace

Born in Elderslie 1270, near Paisley, William Wallace would become the leader of the Scots' resistance against the English occupation at the beginning of the Wars of Independence. He defeated the army of Edward I at the battle of Stirling Bridge. He was eventually betrayed and executed in London in 1305. There is a monument to him in Stirling which tells the story of his life and you can climb the 246 steps of the tower for spectacular views of the surrounding countryside.

Geography of Scotland

Total Area - (30,414 square miles)

Highest Mountain - Ben Nevis 1344m

Largest Loch - Loch Lomond 56 square km

Rainfall

The rainfall in Scotland rages 3000mm per year in the western Highlands and to under 800mm per year near the east coast. The wettest parts of Scotland experience an average of 250 days of rain per year, whereas the driest parts only experience an average of about 150 days of rain per year. Climate

In Scotland the maximum temperatures in the daytime ranges to average of around 5C° to 7°C. July and August are normally the warmest months in Scotland, with temperatures of an average 19°C.

People and Culture

National Dress
Highland dress is a traditional Scottish outfit. It contains of a kilt, sporran, ghillie shirt, ghillie brogues (traditional shoes with long laces and no tongues) as well as other Scottish accessories. The women's version of Highland dress consists of a tartan kilted skirt and a tartan sash or shawl, often worn with a lacy blouse. For parties, it is also a great idea to wear ladies country dancing brogues, which look similar to men's Scottish brogues.

Gaelic Language
Gaelic is the Celtic language still spoken in some parts of Scotland to this day. Once the main language across the country, Gaelic is now only spoken by around one percent of the population, particularly in communities in the Outer Hebrides. However, Gaelic has left its mark across the whole of Scotland and its influence can be seen in Scottish place names, the names of mountains, on official buildings and on bilingual road signs on the west coast and islands. An act passed by the Scottish Parliament in 2005 saw Gaelic recognized as an official language in Scotland.

Scottish Food
Haggis
Scotland’s national dish is another type of savoury pudding and has been immortalised by Robert Burns’ famous poem, ‘Address to a Haggis.’ Its origins are similar to that of the black pudding, with the main ingredients consisting of minced offal of a sheep, pig or cow mixed with suet, onions, oatmeal, spices and seasoning. Traditionally it was boiled in the stomach of the...
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