1. "The earliest origins of psychology can be traced back several centuries to the writing of the great philosophers. More than two thousand years ago, the Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote extensively about topics like sleep, dreams, the senses, and memory. He also described the traits and dispositions of different animals. Many of Aristotle's ideas remained influential until the beginnings of modern science in the seventeenth century. At that time, Rene Descartes proposed a doctrine called interactive dualism- the idea that mind and body were separate entities that interact to produce sensations, emotions and other conscious experiences. Today, psychologists continue to debate the relationship between mental activity and the brain. Philosopher's also laid the groundwork for another issue that would become central to psychology- the nature- nurture issue. For centuries, philosopher debated which was more important: the born nature of the individual or the environmental influences that nurture the individual. Psychologists continue to focus on the question, which today is usually framed in terms of heredity versus the environment. Such philosophical discussions influenced the topics that would be considered in psychology. But early philosophers could advance the understanding of human behavior on to certain. Their methods were limited to intuition, observation and logic. The eventual emergence of psychology as a science hinged on advances in the other sciences, particularly physiology. Physiology is a branch of biology that studies the functions and parts of living organisms, including humans. In the 1600's physiologists were becoming interested in the human brain and its relations to behavior. By the early 1700s, tit was discovered that damage to one side of the brain produced loss of function in the opposite side of the body. By the early 1800s, the idea that different brain areas were related to different behavioral functions was being vigorously debate.
Advantages of the use of the scientific method in psychology
There are a number of advantages to using scientific methods in psychology. Firstly an important aspect of imperial data is that it is objective, i.e. not affected by expectations of the research. So, without objectivity we have no way of being certain that data collected is valid. An example of this is seen with Gardner & Gardner. When they observed Washoe they might have judged that Washoe was using real words because they wanted….
Industrial/Organizational Psychology Worksheet
The purpose of this assignment is to examine the fundamental concepts of the field of industrial/organizational psychology. Using the textbook, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, answer the following questions. Your responses to each question will vary but overall should be 700- to 1,050-words in length.
1. Describe the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology.
Industrial/organizational psychology has its roots….
Scientific Method Scientific Method is considered a series of systematic steps and tools that leads to scientific knowledge. These steps allow us to carry out an investigation. Arises as a result of the experience that man has accumulated throughout its history such as the transformation that has been going on in the field of some experimental sciences. It is based on a series of steps and procedures organized for the entire cycle of an investigation. (Makafoosh, 1979)
Exploratory research: is….
The scientific method is usually presented in science textbooks to show a simpler way to
perform scientific investigations. Although the process of science is never predetermined, the
scientific method may help create a prediction as to what is going to happen.
The scientific representation in a similar way is using the evidence found within the experiments;
however, this unfortunately does not tell you or show you how the science actually works. The
Scientific Method isbroken down into 5 simple….
The scientific method is a method for conducting an objective investigation. The scientific method involves making observations and conducting an experiment to test a hypothesis. The number of steps of the scientific method isn't standard. Some texts and instructors break up the scientific method into more or fewer steps. Some people start listing steps with the hypothesis, but since a hypothesis is based on observations (even if they aren't formal), the hypothesis usually is considered to be the….
What is the scientific method? What are the advantages and disadvantages of addressing problems, questions and the mysteries through the scientific method?
Scientific method dictionary definition “A method of investigation in which a problem is first identified and observations. Experiments or other relevant data are then used to construct or test hypotheses that purport to solve it”.(Dictionary.reference.com/browse/scientific method) My understanding of scientific method is discovering or solving….
Describe the scientific method of research. Be sure to identify the key components, providing examples of each. Use external sources to support your answer.
The methods of science are the methods of all correct thinking. In all thinking we are concerned with getting and organizing knowledge, or with testing, applying, and developing the knowledge we have already acquired (Jones, 1909). According to Zikmund, Babin, Carr, and Griffin, “the scientific method is a set of prescribed procedures for….
The scientific method is a series of steps used to identify and execute hypothesies in an attempt to clarify scientific processes. The scientific method will be applied to the following scenario:
● You arrive home late at night. You walk up to the front door, unlock it, and reach in to turn on the light switch located just inside the front door. The light does not come on! Now what?
Accoring to the scientific method the first step in this situation….
The Scientific Method
What is the Scientific Method? “The Scientific Method is a logical and rational order of steps by which scientists comes to conclusions about the world around them that helps to organize thoughts and procedures.”1 The process of the Scientific Method is used by making an observation, forming a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, analyzing data and then coming up with a conclusion. Scientists use the scientific method to search for cause and effect relationships in nature.….
The Scientific Method
The scientific method is a form of discovery science. Discovery science is when observations and measurements can be verified with data. Applying the scientific method usually requires six steps. These steps are observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, conclusion, and results. Not all scientists use these steps in the same way.
I own a 55 gallon aquarium with koi, “algae eaters,” and three breeds of tropical fish. Just today I used the scientific method to solve the….