Scientific Management
Topics: Management, Scientific management / Pages: 2 (365 words) / Published: Aug 3rd, 2013

Role of Scientific Management in Current Business Practices
Introduction:
Scientific management, also called Taylorism, Its development began with Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s within the manufacturing industries. These include analysis; synthesis; logic; rationality; empiricism; work ethic; efficiency and elimination of waste; standardization of best practices; modern management theory was born, 1911 might be a logical choice. That was the year Frederick Winslow Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management Was published. Its contents became widely accepted by managers around the world. Taylor proposes four principles of the scientific management of work, Taylor believes that scientific management of work will alleviate the common work problems of inefficiency, slow rate of work, and decreased productivity. Taylor’s principles of scientific management derive from the positivistic paradigm.
WHY:
During the 19th and 20th century, scientific management resulted in massive production cost reductions, increases in profit, productivity and improvement in working conditions, environment. Although it has revolutionized management theories, these methods were developed for the last century with different industry, social relations and global aims. Thus we can discuss if scientific management has or not relevance to the present day.
How Do Managers Using Scientific Management Present days: Scientific management is the product of 19th century industrial practices and it has no relevance in present day, In the 21st century, new technologies outcomes are totally different from mass production and standardization related to scientific management. This is the standardization of work. Scientific management promotes co-operation over individualism. Interests of employers and employees are not antagonist, they are one and the same, prosperity for employer cannot exist without employee’s one (F.W. Taylor, 1911). The guidelines

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