Scientific Documentation in Research

Topics: Typography, Scientific method, Research Pages: 14 (4563 words) Published: March 29, 2011

A Scientific Research is a systematic, controlled, empirical, and critical investigation of hypothetical propositions about the presumed relations among natural phenomena. An important step in research is To Publish good research data correctly. Reporting The Research is essential for the progress of science and also to maintain the self-correcting nature of science it is important to publish good data, that is, it is required to assess the reliability of the findings and the soundness of the conclusions. There are Specific Rules that should be followed in organising and presenting research results. These rules are a great convenience for both the writer and the reader. The provide structure for the report and a uniform method of presentation, making it easier for the reader to understand and evaluate the report. Thus, the scientific journals in all disciplines specify the format, or writing style, that articles submitted to the journal are to follow. For Publishing the Research in Psychology, the 2001 revision of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA, 2001b) is used as the official arbiter of style for almost all of the journals in psychology and education. This provides a uniformity in the format across various researches. The APA Manual is guided by Principles of “Specificity and Sensitivity”. First, papers should be written at a level of specificity and detail that will allow others to replicate the research. Second, papers should be free on inappropriate of language that might be interpreted as biased and insensitive. APA Publications include:

* Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (fifth edition, 2001) * A Student Workbook and training guide for the Publication Manual (Gelfand & Walker, 2001) * APA-Style Helper, which is a computer program that works with most word processors to ensure that the paper conforms to the rules of APA style.

When a Researcher sends his report to a journal, it is sent as a neat printed document and assembled in a particular manner to facilitate the editorial and publication process. This APA- style manuscript is called The Copy Manuscript, which is a preprint version of a research report, that is, it is a manuscript that has not yet been printed in a technical journal. WRITING AN APA-STYLE RESEARCH REPORT MANUSCRIPT

There are seven main sections in a APA- style research report manuscript: 1. The Title Page
2. Abstract
3. Introduction
4. Method
5. Results
6. Discussion
7. References
8. Appendix
9. Author Note
10. Footnote
11. Table
12. Figure Caption
13. Figures
Getting Ready To Write
Paper Size: | 8.5 X 11-inch (21.59 cm X 27.94 cm, which is the size of a letter layout)| Typeface:For Body of Manuscript-For Figures-| -Times New Roman or Courier (serif text-“ABCDE”)-A sans serif (without lines extending from the beginnings and ends of letters- “ABCDE”)| Font Size:| 12 points|

Letter Spacing:| Double-Spacing is used throughout the manuscript| Line spacing:| Double-Spacing is used in-between the lines of text, between lines in the title, and after headlines, footnotes, quotations, references, figure captions, and all elements of a table. | Right Justification:| Off, so that the last words of the lines on page form a ragged right edge.| Automatic Hyphenation:| Off|

Margins:| At least 1 inch all around(top, bottom, left, right)Leaving length of typed line as a maximum of 6½inches.| Indentation:| It is of from five to seven spaces. First line of every paragraph and footnote must be indented (with the exception of the abstract, block quotes, titles and headings, table titles, notes, and figure captions).| Punctuation Marks:| A single space is left after punctuation marks(including periods and colons)| 1....

References: 2. Paul C. Cozby. (2003, eight edition) Methods in Behavioural Research, McGraw-Hill
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