The essence of science is Reason. Science can be defined as the relationship between cause and effect. “It is also the supreme passion of the Reason to seek a collision, though this collision must in one way or another prove its undoing” (Kierkegaard 291). Reason seeks to understand everything objectively, through thought and logic. Science uses a method to prove something. It comes up with a hypothesis, which needs to be verified empirically and experimented, before a conclusion can be reached. According to Soren Kierkegaard, Reason has a limit, and that limit is God. He says that the existence of God cannot be proved with the help of any sort of method or system, as is used in science. One has to have faith in God without knowing that He exists.
What then is God? “It is the Unknown. It is not a human being, in so far as we know what man is; nor is it any other known thing” (Kierkegaard 291). God, according to Kierkegaard is the ultimate unknown. He cannot be objectified. God is the ultimate limit of objectivity. He disagrees with the Hegelian theory of finding God through logic and reasoning. Unlike Hegel, he emphasizes on subjectivity, rather than objectivity. “Objectively, reflection is directed to the problem of whether this object is the true God” (Kierkegaard 302). An objective approach to God would be to look outside and try to find God, with the aid of reason and empirical evidence. An objective approach is the ‘what’ approach to God. Kierkegaard claims such an approach is blasphemous. He feels that one needs to have faith in the existence of God and the existence of God can only be proved if it is presumed that God exists. “Subjectively, reflection is directed to the question whether the individual is related to a something in such a manner that his relationship is in truth a God-relationship” (Kierkegaard 302). Knowledge of God is not essentially a knowledge. One finds God by looking within oneself and at one’s relations and self-commitments. The...
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