Sci 241 Week 6 Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins

Topics: Vitamin, Nutrition, Vitamins Pages: 4 (1331 words) Published: December 6, 2013
Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins
SCI 241 Nutrition
Stacey Peterson
November 24, 2013

Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential to many functions in the human body and classified in two different classes based on their solubility. The B vitamins and vitamin C are water soluble and vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat soluble (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2012). These classes are fat soluble and water soluble. According to Grosvenor, M & Smolin, L. (2012) small amounts of vitamins are necessary in our diet to promote and regulate growth, reproduction and maintain health.

Water soluble vitamins are the B vitamins and vitamin C. Water soluble vitamins are not stored in the body for very long. They are used quickly and eliminated through our kidneys so regular consumption is needed in order to prevent symptoms of deficiencies (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2012). The B vitamins act as coenzymes, attach to enzymes to in order to promote a particular activity. They are important in making energy from carbohydrates, fats, and protein so that the body can run (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2012). Vitamin C is an antioxidant. They protect against oxidation damage by reducing or eliminating the free radicals produced during normal oxygen requiring reactions in the body (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2012). Grosvenor & Smolin, (2012) shows graphs showing that most of the B vitamins are found in higher amounts in peanuts, pork, beef, fish, chicken, milk, and brown rice. Benefits of vitamin B include formation of red blood cells, prevents birth defects, helps alleviate symptoms of depression, anemia, and can reduce the risk of heart disease (Healthy life- healthy planet; The benefits of B vitamins, 2007). Deficiencies in B vitamins can result in but is not limited to irritability, insomnia, depression, headaches, loose of appetite (Healthy life- healthy planet; benefits of B vitamins, 2007). Water soluble vitamin toxicity is rare but...

References: Grosvenor, M. B., & Smolin, L.A. (2012). Visualizing Nutrition: Everyday Choices (2nd ed.).
Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database
Healthy life healthy planet; The benefits of B vitamins. (2007). Retrieved from
http://www.healthylife-healthyplanet.com/b-vitamins.html
Office of Dietary Supplements National Institute of Health: Strengthening knowledge and understanding of dietary supplements. (n.d.). Retrieved fromhttp://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-HealthProfessional/
Pritchard, J. (2011). B vitamin overdose symptoms. Retrieved from
http://www.livestrong.com/article/404634-b-vitamin-overdose-symptoms/
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