Identify the main types of state and independent schools. All children in England between the ages of 5 and 16 are entitled to a free place at a state school. Most state schools have to follow National Curriculum the most common ones are: * Community schools: controlled by the local council and not influenced by business or religious groups * Foundation and trust schools: more freedom to change the way they do things than community schools, ran by their own governing body which also decide the admissions policy. The land and building is generally owned by the local governing body or an outside trust such as a business, all outside support services will be bought independently by the school. * Academies: ran by a governing body, independent from the local council - they can follow a different curriculum, often funded partly by the government and individual sponsors, these schools are not maintained by the local authority but do work closely. * Grammar schools: ran by the council a foundation body or a trust - they select all or most of their pupils based on academic ability and there is often an exam to get in. * Voluntary aided schools are mainly religious or faith schools but children from any faith are able to attend, the land and the building are normally owned by a religious or charity organisation for instance the local church, they are ran by their own governing body and funded partly by the charity and partly by the local education authority who provide outside support services. * Voluntary controlled schools: These schools are ran and funded by the local authority which are also responsible for employing staff and funding outside support services needed. The building and land are typically owned by a charity which is often a religious organisation. * Specialist schools: Schools which specialise in 1 or 2 certain subject for instance Languages, science, arts, sports, maths computing, will receive additional government funding for this. Special schools can also apply for specialist school status to be given for a special educational needs (SEN) specialism under one of the four areas of the SEN codes of practises * Independent Schools: These can be some boarding schools or day schools which are funded by fees paid by parents, investments, gifts and charitable endowments. They do not have to follow the National Curriculum, admissions policies are constructed by the head of school and governing body. Independent schools are obliged to register with the department of education so that inspections can be undertaken regular although this is not done by Ofsted but by the independent schools inspectorate.
* Home Schooling: If deciding to home school your child you do not have to inform the local authority unless they are leaving a special school but you do have to let the school know. If you’re taking your child out of school, you must write to the head teacher. You can ask the school to teach your child part-time, but the school doesn’t have to accept your request. An informal request can be made if the council want to check on their education. If the council think your child is not receiving a suitable amount of education they can serve a school attendance order. Describe the characteristics of different schools in relation to education stages and school governance In England education is divided into two stages: primary education and secondary education. Required assessment within the National Curriculum takes place in (key stage 2) years 2 through to 6. When moving to secondary school required assessments take place in (key stage 3) years 7/9 (key stage 4) years 10/11 this is where GCSEs are taken. School education is then generally followed by two years of further education – often in a Sixth form or Sixth form college and then three or four years at university by those who decide to stay in education. Children begin school either in the school year or school term in which they reach...
Bibliography: https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/standard/publicationDetail/Page1/DfES/1081/2004 (14/11/2012)
Louise Burnham, Brenda Baker Support Teaching and Learning in Schools T.D.A. 2.5 pages 71-90
School Prospectus 2010/2011
Power points from Hull College.
School policies from my setting.
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