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SCHOOL AS ORGANIZATION

By Ayeshahamid Oct 29, 2013 1074 Words
Section 1-Types of Schools in the Educational Sector UNIT: 5 Criteria 1.1, 1.2 1. Community Schools
Community schools are controlled by the local council and not influenced by business or religious groups. Type of
School
Key Stage (KS)
Age
- Nursery School

-Primary School
(i) Infant School

(ii) Junior School

-Secondary School

-Sixth form
college
Foundation

Key Stage 1

Key Stage 2

Key Stage 3
Key Stage 4/GCSE

Sixth form/
A level
3

4,5,6

7,8,9,10

11,12,13
14,15

16,17

School Governance
the local education authority owns the land and buildings, but the governing body is responsible for running the school the local education authority funds the school
the local education authority provides support services, for example, psychological services and special educational needs services sets the school’s vision and aim
establishes and maintains the school’s ethos
sets the school’s plans and policies
monitors and evaluates school performance
work in partnership with school staff to provide the best possible standards of education. managing the school’s finances
pupils have to follow the national curriculum

2. Foundation and Trust Schools
A Foundation school is a local authority maintained school that has decided to take on the additional responsibilities of owning its own buildings, managing its own admissions and appointing its own staff. In other respects it is like a community school and the local authority must treat it no less favourably than any other school it maintains. A Trust School is a Foundation School supported by a Trust. The Trust is a separate entity from the school and includes a range of partners who have been invited to join by the school. School Governance

responsible for the day-to-day management of the school’s land and assets as the school land and building is owned by the governing body or a charitable foundation. determines the admissions policy in consultation with the local education authority decide whether the Trust should appoint the majority or minority of governors in consultation with the proposed Trust partners.

Governors appointed by the Trust need not necessarily have to be employees or members of the organisations involved but should be committed and dynamic individuals who the trustees believe will be able to bring a range of skills and experience in order make a difference to the school. make sure that the national curriculum is followed.

take on a fuller role in supporting the school and
helping to create a culture of innovation and enterprise. has representation from parents, staff, the LA and local community. The LA can advise the governing body

3. Voluntary Schools
There are two types of voluntary schools:-
Voluntary controlled
Voluntary aided
Voluntary Controlled Schools
A Voluntary Controlled School can also be called a religious or faith school. School Governance
In a Voluntary Controlled School:
the land and buildings are owned by a charity, often a religious organisation such as a church the charity appoints some of the members of the governing body, but the local education authority is responsible for running the school the school is funded by the local education authority

the local education authority employs the staff
the local education authority provides support services
the pupils have to follow the national curriculum
the admissions policy is usually determined and administered by the local education authority. Voluntary Aided Schools
Voluntary Aided Schools are usually called religious schools or faith schools. School Governance
In a Voluntary Aided School:-
the land and buildings are normally owned by a charity, often a religious organisation such as a church, but the governing body is responsible for running the school the school is funded partly by the local education authority (Education and Library Board in Northern Ireland), partly by the governing body and partly by the charity the governing body employs the staff

the local education authority provides support services
the pupils have to follow the national curriculum
the admissions policy is determined and administered by the governors in consultation with the local education authority and other relevant schools in the area.

4. Independent Schools
An Independent School is a school that is independent in its finances and governance; it is not dependent upon national or local government for financing its operations. Type of
School
Key Stage (KS)
Age
- Pre-preparatory
School/Department

-Preparatory
School

-Senior
School
Foundation

Key Stage 1
Key Stage 2
Key Stage 3

Key Stage 4/GCSE
Sixth form/
A level
3,4

5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

13,14,15,16,17

School Governance

In an Independent School:-
the governing body is responsible for the day-to-day running of the school the school is funded by fees paid by parents and, sometimes, charitable trust funds the Headteacher with the backing of the governing body employs the staff the Headteacher or the governing body may buy in and administer support services the pupils do not have to follow the national curriculum

the admissions policy is determined and administered by the headteacher and the governing body.

5. Academies
Academies are publicly funded schools which operate outside of local authority control. Academies are independently-managed, all-ability schools which operate outside the control of the local authority. Academies benefit from greater freedoms to innovate and raise standards. These include: freedom from local authority control;

the ability to set their own pay and conditions for staff;
freedoms around the delivery of the curriculum; and
the ability to change the lengths of terms and school days.

School Governance

In academies, directors or trustees are often referred to as governors. Most governance decisions are made collectively through a board of directors typically referred to as the governing body. The governing body manages the academy on behalf of the Academy Trust and the key responsibilities are to: Ensure the quality of educational provision

Challenge and monitor the performance of the school
Manage the Headteacher/Principal
Exercise reasonable skill and care in carrying out their duties Operate the academy in accordance with the Funding Agreement that has been signed with the secretary of state

6. Free Schools
The first Free Schools were opened in 2011. Free Schools are independent schools with state funding. Any "suitable sponsor" can apply to the Secretary of State for Education for approval to open a free school. Free Schools do not need local authority support to open. Free Schools are schools which will be set up by groups of parents, teachers, charities, trusts, religious and voluntary groups. 

School Governance

sets their own pay and conditions for staff
employs teachers without qualified teacher status
determines their own admission arrangements
decides upon their own curriculum
sets the length of terms and school days and
operates independently of the local authority and outside the local family of schools.

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