What is schizophrenia? Comer (2013) states that “Schizophrenia us a psychotic disorder in which personal, social, and occupational functioning deteriorate as a result of strange perceptions, unusual emotions, and motor abnormalities” (p.426).
What are Delusions? Comer (2013) suggests “delusions are a strange false belief firmly held despite evidence presented to the contrary” (p. 426).
What are hallucinations?
Comer (2013) states “hallucinations are perceptions that occur in the absence of external stimuli” (p. 430).
What is Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness
The National Alliance on Mental Illness http://www.nami.or/content/contentgroups/ retrieved 7 June 2013, suggests that individuals that can struggle with both, serious mental illness and substance abuse, face problems of enormous proportions because substance abuse tends to complicate nearly all aspects of care for the individual with mental illness. Diagnosis becomes difficult as it takes time to unravel the presenting effects of substance abuse and the mental illness.
What are Antipsychotic Drugs?
According to Comer (2013, p. 455) antipsychotic drugs help correct grossly confused or distorted thinking. Examples of atypical [receive fewer dopamine D-2 receptors and more D-1, D-4, and serotonin receptors than conventional antipsychotic medications] antipsychotic drugs include: clozapine (Clozaril) , risperidone (Risperdal) , olanzapine (Zyprexa) , quetiapine (Seroquel) , ziprasidone (Geodon) , and aripiprazole (Abilify) (p.458). http://www.invegasustenna.com/about-inveg, Retrieved 7 June 2013, provides important product information about INVEGA SUSTENNA, another atypical antipsychotic, used for the management and treatment of schizophrenia. INVEGA SUSTENNA is taken once-per-month as it is a long-acting medication given by injection by a healthcare professional in the arm or buttocks of the client/patient.
Noted side effects in some people are listed
References: American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Revised 4th Ed.) Washington, DC: Author Comer, R. J. (2013). Abnormal Psychology. 8th Edition. New York: Worth Publishers. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). (1996-2013). Retrieved, 7 June 2013 from http://www.nami.org