December 5, 2014
5 December 2014
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder. It debilitates the brain and affects the person’s behavior. It affects the normal functions of the brain. People with schizophrenia have trouble thinking clearly and managing their emotions. Most of the time they may seem paranoid believing people are trying to control their thoughts. Even though people with schizophrenia don’t appear to be ill physically they might have weird behavior. Schizophrenia affects 2.4 million people every year. Schizophrenia doesn’t occur in any certain type of people. It affects all races and sexes, although it occurs in men of the ages 18 to 25 earlier age then women who get it between 26 and 35. Schizophrenia in children is very rare. Schizophrenia usually only comes on in people ages 16 through 30, and doesn’t affect people over the age of 45. The symptoms of schizophrenia are placed into three different categories positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Positive symptoms are not symptoms that change the person’s physical behavior directly, but it adds on to the person’s normal way of functioning. Positive symptoms include delusions and hallucinations, paranoia, and distorted thinking and behavior. When someone has a hallucination they hear voices and see and feel things that are not really there. If you are around someone that is hallucinating don’t argue with them that it is not real because to that person it seems real. When someone has delusions they believe strongly that something is real when it has been proven not to be. They think that others are trying to hurt them or are monitoring them. Someone that has delusions would believe that the TV is trying to give them a message that something bad is going to happen when it is really not. If you are around someone that is having a delusion do not try to tell them they are crazy just simply turn off the TV. Distorted thinking and behavior is when a person is confused they can’t participate in normal activities. When someone is trying to communicate with someone that has distorted thinking or behavior they have to repeat themselves or give step by step instructions so the person can understand better. Negative symptoms are symptoms that make the person non responsive in both motion and speech. It can make the person hopeless and unmotivated. Negative symptoms include, Lack of emotion or expression, loss of speech, and loss of interest to interact in everyday activities and life. Lack of emotion and expression is when the person has no expression on their face, and can’t use body language also known as the flat effect. When you are around someone that has a lack of emotion or expression don’t get frustrated with them it doesn’t help. When someone has lack of speech they don’t communicate as much as they should, and when they reply to you their answers are blunt and short. If you are around someone that has a lack of speech try to keep the conversation blunt and short so they can understand. When someone has lack of interest in activities and life they will sit around and not do anything for long periods of time and won’t engage in any short activity. If someone is showing these signs it is best to try and encourage them to engage in simple activities. When someone has Negative symptoms of schizophrenia people mistake them with depression or laziness. Cognitive symptoms are what make a person have a short attention and memory. They include, impaired executive functions, and disorganized thinking. Impaired executive function is when the person doesn’t have any concentration. If you are around someone like this it is best just to try and keep them focused. Disorganized thinking is when the person can’t think about one thing at a time they have many thoughts and can’t organize them. If you are around someone like this it is best to keep you conversation on one...
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