Schizophrenia is a serious brain disorder. It is a disease that makes it difficult for a person to tell the difference between real and unreal experience, to think logically, to have normal emotional responses to others, and to behave normally in social situations.
Approximately 1% of the population develops schizophrenia during their lifetime, and more than 2 million Americans suffer from the illness in a given year. Although schizophrenia affects men and women with equal frequency, the disorder often appears earlier in men, usually in the late teens or early twenties, than women, who are generally affected in the twenties to early thirties.
Schizophrenia is a complex and puzzling illness. Even the experts in the field are not exactly sure what causes it. Doctors think that the brain may not be able to process information correctly. Some experts said that the genetic, psychological and social and person’s environment factors may trigger schizophrenia.
There are five recognized types of schizophrenia such as catatonic, paranoid, disorganizes, undifferentiated, and residual. Features of schizophrenia include its typical onset before the age of 45, continuous presence of symptoms for six months or more, and deterioration from level of social and occupational functioning.
People with schizophrenia often suffer terrifying symptoms such as hearing internal voices not heard by others, or believing that other people are reading their minds, controlling their thought, or plotting to harm them. These symptoms may leave them fearful and withdrawn. They often have trouble thinking clearly or making decisions. They may have a hard time telling real life from fantasy. They may also find it a challenge to deal with other people. These can all be symptoms of schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia generally consists of the three symptoms such as positive symptoms (delusions or hallucination), negative symptoms (social withdrawal or lack of drive) and disorganized