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Scheme Of The Overall Text Analysis

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Scheme of the overall text analysis
Macro-componential constituents of the text.
1. The text under analysis belongs to the belles-lettres functional style. The sub-style is emotive prose.
2. The title of the selection is…The functions of the title: it may introduce the main character; it may reveal the internal world of the character; it may contain the author’s message; it may be given metaphorically; it may serve as a means of cohesion; it may orient the reader towards the perception of the text.
3. The position of the author: a detached position (onlooker observes without taking part); an involved position (usually when the author is one of the characters or he entrusts narration); an omniscient (having infinite knowledge or understanding).
4. The type of narration: the first person narrative (more emotional); the third person narrative (more objective).
5. The theme of the text is developed round… (retell the text in 7 sentences)
6. Divide the text into logical parts. Select key-words for each part.
7. The setting involves the place and the time of the events. If the author resorts to the usage of geographical and proper names, he manages to create credibility.
8. The functions of the setting: the author places the character into realistic recognizable environment; the setting may reveal the inner world of a character; the author creates an incredible setting by describing unreal world.
9. The atmosphere of the text is homogeneous (1 key) or not-homogeneous (2 or more keys). Keys can be serious, dramatic, ironic, humor, sarcastic, poetic, lyrical. The picture-making verbs are…
10. Characters: simple (developed round one trait) / complex (several traits); primary / secondary / fail (background); static (no changes throughout the text) / dynamic (shown in development).
11. Means of character portrayal direct (the author rates the character himself by describing the appearance, etc.); indirect (the reader formulates his opinion about the character by accumulating some artistic details, thoughts of the character, his actions).
12. The conflict internal (inside the character); external (man-man, man-society, man-nature).
13. Movement physical (change of events); psychological (changes inside the character).
14. Presentational sequencing: flashback (reference to the past); foreshadowing (a look into the future); suspense (mental uncertainty; anxiety).
15. The form of writing dramatic (minimum of author’s remarks); pictorial (description of the events by the author).
16. The view form dominant (opinion of the author dominates); polyphonic (many points of view are possible).
17. Structural arrangement: If the events are presented in chronological order, the text presents the straight-line narrative technique. If not, the text presents a complex narrative technique.
18. Plot structure: exposition (generating of events); complication (development); climax (the peak of tension); denouement (unwinding of the events).
19. If all 4 constituents are present, the plot structure is closed. If one of the components is missing, the plot structure of the text is named open.

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