Political Order in Changing Societies by Samuel P. Huntington Review by: A. F. K. Organski
The American Political Science Review, Vol. 63, No. 3 (Sep., 1969), pp. 921-922 Published by: American Political Science Association
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BOOK REVIEWS AND NOTES
selves in prescribing in the military manpower
The whole policy area is only now starting to
be mapped out by political scientists. It seems
to me that we have here a unique opportunity
to demonstrate our belief that knowledge really
is cumulative. I hope that the development of
policy studies does not repeat the intellectual
history of some other portions of the discipline,
in which every new author starts out with his
own theory, many elements of which cannot be
tested by his own empirical work and will probably never be tested by the empirical work of anyone else either. Thus, I hope that what is
valuable in these two books will not be read, reviewed, and forgotten but will instead appear as integral parts of future work.
RANDALL B. RIPLEY
The Ohio State University
Political Order in Changing Societies. BY SAM(New Haven: Yale UEL P. HUNTINGTON.
University Press, 1968. Pp. 448. $12.50.)
In this new, and provocative set of essays,
Mr. Huntington focuses attention on the phenomenon of political stability and on the factors that shape a stable political condition. He suggests that the degree of political order is regulated in large part by the relationship between the rate of institutional and organizational formation within the political system and the rate of social mobilization. He writes: "Just as economic development depends, in some measure, on the relation between investment and consumption, political order depends in part on the relation between the development of political institutions and the mobilization of new social forces into politics." (p. vii) It is this framework of analysis that serves to tie together the seven long essays making up this book.
Mr. Huntington's central thesis is, of course,
well known to all who are acquainted with the
literature of political development. In essence it
argues that development and the resultant political order are obtained when institutional and organizational growth are compatible with the
rate of social mobilization, the generation of new
"social forces" and the resultant political participation. When the rate of social mobilization greatly surpasses the rate of institutional formation for a substantial period of time, the political system will not be able to cope with demands made upon it and "political decay" will set in. It is undesirable, therefore, that the rate
of social mobilization exceed the rate of institutional formation, but on the other hand, it is equally important that it not lag far behind, for
if it does modernization may well slow down
This framework is then used in Huntington's
well known comparison of American and Western European political development. The author notes that compared to patterns in the political
history of Western Europe, in the United States...
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