Salvidor Dali and Surrealism

Topics: Salvador Dalí, Federico García Lorca, Luis Buñuel Pages: 2 (772 words) Published: April 14, 2006
Surrealism, n. Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express, either verbally, or in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation. The Surrealist movement mainly originated in the Dada movement, which primarily involved visual arts, literature, theatre and graphic design; and was characterized by deliberate irrationality, cynicism, randomness, and the rejection of the prevailing standards in art at that time. While the movement's most important center was Paris, it spread throughout Europe and to North America, Japan and the Caribbean during the course of the 1920's, 30s and 40s, by the 1960s to Africa, South America and much of Asia, and by the 1980s to Australia. There have even been some manifestations of surrealism in Russia and China. Some historians mark the end of the movement at World War II, some with the death of Salvador Dali, while others believe that Surrealism continues as an identifiable movement. Surrealism as a visual movement had the method of exposing psychological truth by stripping ordinary objects of their normal significance, in order to create a compelling image that was beyond ordinary formal organization, in order to evoke empathy from the viewer. Nobody did this better than Salvador Dali. Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali I Domenech was born on May 11, 1904, in the town of Figueres, close to the French border in Catalonia, Spain, son to Salvador Dali I Cusi and Felipa Domenech Ferres. Dali's father, a lawyer who was a strict disciplinarian, was tempered by his wife who encouraged her son's drawing. In 1916 Dali discovered modern painting on a summer vacation to Cadaques with the family of Ramon Pichot, a local artist who made regular trips to Paris. In 1922 Dali attended the San Fernando Royal Academy of Fine Arts and moved in to the students' residence in Madrid, there he met the artists...
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