Saint Thomas Aquinas Cosmological Argument

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Saint Thomas Aquinas was a theologian and philosopher born in Italy in the year 1225. He created many different arguments to validate his belief that God did indeed exist. Those arguments are still used today in the debate of God’s existence. The first argument Aquinas created is the “Argument from motion.” This argument was based on the fact that objects in motion had to be set in motion by a different source. An object could not set itself in motion. Therefore, the world could not have simply appeared out of nowhere. Someone (God) had to have created it. The strength of this argument is that the science behind it is true. Newton’s first law of physics is that an “object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force”. A weakness is that this argument is claiming that everything in reality is movable, except God. He is the one exception. This answer may not satisfy non-believers and/or scientists who rely on physical evidence. Aquinas’ second argument is the “Cosmological argument”. This argument is similar to the “Argument from motion” above because it states that things can’t …show more content…
We can believe a preacher is more metaphysically good then a criminal. So if all objects have different levels of goodness, then there must be an absolute good. According to Aquinas, that absolute good is God. A strength of this argument is that a visual metaphor called the “Great chain of being” exists that can be used as an example. This metaphor is hierarchy of beings that is supposed to show the rankings of different objects in the universe when it comes to goodness and importance. A weakness of this argument is that the degree of goodness an object has is entirely subjective. Is a nun’s goodness less than that of a preacher? Is

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